Published August 21, 2023 | Version v1
Journal article Open



In the classroom, teachers must strike a balance between direct teaching, teacher-led play, and student-led play. During the game, children can make the most of their creativity, language, social skills, self-control and other talents. The best learning happens when students are given a wide variety of activities and topics that they enjoy. Montessori education emphasizes helping children develop their sensory abilities. An organized, aesthetically beautiful and well organized Montessori environment gives children a sense of security and encourages discovery. Freedom of movement, choice and participation in independent activities helps children to discover their passions and potential. Montessori programs encourage the possibility of losing yourself in any activity. Having choice and feeling in control of the environment is associated with higher academic achievement. Children who have a regular family routine and are considered more organized show better results in cognitive, psychological and social development. In order to stimulate further research and better inform teachers about whether and why the Montessori method can be useful, this article aims to provide an overview of the evidence base for this method.



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