Published October 30, 2020 | Version V1
Journal article Open

Evaluating the Suitability of a Combine Harvester Equipped with the Sunflower Header to Harvest Cardoon Seeds: A Case Study in Central Italy

Description

Cardoon seeds have been proved to thrive in the Mediterranean region, even under low input management and its biomass is suitable for several food and industrial uses. Despite that, a proper value chain has not been set properly and uncertainty still lays among producers and industries, particularly concerning the harvesting stage. The present study supports, via field trials, the hypothesis that cardoon seeds can be harvested using a conventional combine harvester equipped with the sunflower header. Theoretical field capacity (TFC), effective field capacity (EFC), and field efficiency (FE) were 2.36 ha h 1, 2.05 ha h 1, and 1.82 Mg h 1, respectively, while harvesting costs were calculated as 69.52 ha 1. Seed loss was only 3.2% w/w of the potential seed yield. The machinery’s performance, costs, and seed loss are comparable with sunflower harvesting, underlying the possibility to use the available technology directly to harvest cardoon seeds.

Files

Evaluating the Suitability of a Combine Harvester Equipped with the Sunflower Header to Harvest Cardoon A case of study_Latterini et al 2020.pdf

Additional details

Funding

MAGIC – Marginal lands for Growing Industrial Crops: Turning a burden into an opportunity 727698
European Commission