Conference paper Open Access

Controlled Optimal Black Start Procedures in Smart Grids for Service Restoration in Presence of Electrical Storage Systems

Giuseppi, Alessandro; Pietrabissa, Antonio; Liberati, Francesco; Di Giorgio, Alessandro

This paper presents an optimisation problem to determine the optimal reclosure order of remotely operable switches deployed in a smart grid consisting in a distribution network equipped with one or more Energy Storage Systems (ESS). The proposed solution integrates nonlinear real and reactive power flow equations, by reconducting them to a set of conic constraints, together with several network operator requirements, such as network radiality and ampacity limits. A numerical simulation validates the approach and concludes the work.
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