Project deliverable Open Access
The information presented in this deliverable summarises the outputs from three distinct strands of research carried out for the ENTRUST Horizon 2020 research project. This research is exploring the energy system from multiple perspectives. They include the more traditional, techno-centric market approach; and public policy oriented appraisals; in addition to applying innovative engagements that capture human-centred perspectives of people experiencing the intersecting nexuses that comprise the energy system.
Decisions on how the energy system is transitioning to low-carbon configurations will have, and is having, very real impacts on society and how people live their lives. In order to understand these societal intersections with the material configurations of the energy system, ENTRUST has sought to identify where many of these intersections arise, how they are created and then negotiated, within a complex nexus of choices, freedoms and controls that comprise our shared relationships with energy and the structures that support it. The objective of this document is to integrate the findings arising from this research and to feed into:
The research discussed in the document was conducted for three work packages (WPs), as outlined below, and is presented here using a combined approach that draws synergies between the various strands discussed within each WP, viz.,
In addition to summarising these reports, the authors present the findings from each within at thematic synthesis of the issues identified across the three WPs, which are organised within following four key pillars:
Observations and conclusions
The deliverables summarised in this report represent a substantial body of work and their findings clearly demonstrate that it is no longer feasible to differentiate the “social” from the “technical” dimension of the energy system and still have a just and sustainable energy transition. We acknowledge that the creation of a
sustainable energy pathway necessarily involves the development and mobilisation of a complex array of contributing factors which are themselves complex and have multiple socio-environmental implications. As such, understanding this process involves multiple approaches and disciplines. This research offers a wealth of deep, rich data and information from the social sciences that help those driving the energy transition construct and frame this process in a more equitable way than it potentially has been heretofore.
These insights are valuable for understanding the potential impacts that the energy transition can, and will, have on different segments of the population. Technological, market and policy changes have different effects at local level for different cohorts of people. Therefore, there are very real potentials for creating new forms of social exclusion from emerging energy systems that fail to recognise the differentiated ways in which people experience and ultimately engage with them.