Published April 20, 2023 | Version v1
Dataset Open

Physico-chemical properties of the top 120 m of two ice cores in Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica)

  • 1. Laboratoire de Glaciologie, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
  • 2. Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northumbria University
  • 3. Analytical-Environmental and Geochemistry, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium


We provide in this dataset the complete records from the top 120 m of two ice cores drilled on two adjacent ice rises (Hammarryggen and Lokeryggen, ~100 km apart) located in coastal Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Density, water stable isotopes (δ18O, δD and d-excess), ions concentrations (Na+, K+, Mg+, Ca+, MSA, Cl-, SO42- and NO3-), and continuous electrical conductivity measurement (ECM) records, as well as age models and resulting surface mass balance (SMB) are presented here. These ice cores are dated back to the end of the eighteenth century (CE 1793 ± 3 years for FK17and 1780 ± 5 years for TIR18) by manual and automatic multivariable layer counting and volcanic tie points validation. The SMB is calculated after correction for vertical strain rates.

A detailed description of the measurement procedures, data treatments and uncertainties can be found in: Wauthy S., Tison, J.-L., Inoue, M., El Amri, S., Sun, S., Claeys, P., and Pattyn, F.: Physico-chemical properties of the top 120 m of two ice cores in Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica): an open window on spatial and temporal regional variability of environmental proxies, submitted to Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

These new records can be compared to those from other coastal ice cores in DML and to regional or global model results, and represent a great opportunity for further studies addressing the mechanisms behind SMB spatial and temporal variability in East Antarctica.

The study was funded in the framework of the Mass2Ant project, contract n° BR/165/A2 by the Belgian Science Policy BELSPO.



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