Published October 9, 2022 | Version v2
Journal article Open

Zoonosis at the Huanan Seafood Market: A Critique

  • 1. Independent Genetics Researcher, Sydney, Australia
  • 2. Engineer and Data Scientist, New Zealand
  • 3. Independent Bioinformatics Researcher, Melbourne, Australia
  • 4. Biology Dept, University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA
  • 5. Atossa Therapeutics, Inc., Seattle, WA USA
  • 6. Department of Chemistry and Physics, Halmos College of Arts and Sciences, Nova Southeastern University


Here we review data supporting a zoonosis hypothesis at the Huanan Seafood Market (HSM). We undertake statistical analysis of case locations and wildlife stall locations. We additionally analyze environmental sampling and review the likelyhood of susceptible animals carrying a SARS-CoV-2 projenitor virus causing a spillover in Wuhan and only Wuhan of all locations in China. We find insufficient data to support a zoonosis hypothesis and instead conclude that the most likely scenario is that an infected person brought SARS-CoV-2 to the HSM, sparking a superspreader event.


Zoonosis at the HSM A Critique.pdf

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