Planned intervention: On Wednesday June 26th 05:30 UTC Zenodo will be unavailable for 10-20 minutes to perform a storage cluster upgrade.

There is a newer version of the record available.

Published May 16, 2022 | Version 220516
Dataset Open

Global CO2 emissions from cement production

  • 1. CICERO Center for International Climate Research

Description

This is an update of the dataset documented in:

Andrew, R.M., 2019. Global CO2 emissions from cement production, 1928–2018. Earth System Science Data 11, 1675–1710. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-1675-2019.

Data in this release cover the period 1880–2021.

Note that emissions from use of fossil fuels in cement production are not included in this dataset since they are usually included elsewhere in global datasets of fossil CO2 emissions. The process emissions in this dataset, which result from the decomposition of carbonates in the production of cement clinker, amounted to ~1.7 Gt CO2 in 2021, while emissions from combustion of fossil fuels to produce the heat required amounted to an additional ~1.0 Gt CO2 in 2021.

May 2022 release (220516): Major changes

  • Updated to latest data from USGS and UNFCCC Annex 1 countries.
  • Revised estimates for Albania, Fiji, Indonesia, North Korea, Thailand.
  • Clinker production data for 2021 were available for Argentina, Japan, Norway, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and United States of America; Cement production data for 2021 were available for Argentina, Bolivia, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, and Ukraine.

Note that a supplementary release is expected later this year.

The Cement Production dataset

Cement production data by country are primarily derived from USGS statistics. The construction of this dataset begins with production back-calculated from CDIAC's 2019 edition cement emissions data, which are a direct function of cement production (from the 2020 edition CDIAC has changed its methodology). Then using available data for some former Soviet states before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Soviet states are disaggregated for all years before dissolution. Data obtained directly from USGS are used to overwrite from 1990 onwards, with a small number of additional corrections. Countries for which cement production is not available in the most recent years are extrapolated simply. Finally, country-specific cement production data are overwritten where better and/or more recent sources are available. Note that many zeros in the cement production dataset are propagated from CDIAC and should probably be NODATA. The approach used for each country is summarised in the file "6. cement_production_method.csv".

Emissions calculation

  • Emissions for all UNFCCC Annex I countries ("developed" countries) are derived from their official submissions to the UNFCCC in Common Reporting Format (structured Excel files), for which data are available from 1990 (slightly earlier for some Economies in Transition).
  • For non-Annex I countries clinker ratios derived from the Getting the Numbers Right (GNR) cement sustainability initiative are applied to the cement production dataset to derive approximate clinker production by country, from which emissions are calculated using IPCC default factors.
  • Country-specific methods are used for China, India, Japan, Thailand, Turkey, USA.
  • The combined_cement_data.xlsx file is used to overwrite emissions with superior data, in most cases as reported in official reporting to the UNFCCC, e.g. Biennial Update Reports, National Communications, and National Inventory Reports.
  • Some countries do not report time-series of emissions, but do supply some isolated estimates in their official reporting to the UNFCCC, and these are used in some cases to constrain estimates.
  • A number of countries state in their official reporting to the UNFCCC that they have never produced clinker, so emissions are set to zero for all years for these countries. In other cases, statements are made that no clinker was produced before a certain year, and this information is also incorporated.
  • The information available usually covers a number of years, up to 3 decades. These are then extrapolated by combining available data and assumptions about historical developments in clinker ratios to produce longer time series of emissions based on the longer cement production dataset. More detail on this method are given in the accompanying journal paper.

Files

1. Cement_emissions_data.csv

Files (1.9 MB)

Name Size Download all
md5:7a967bd88980e5dc36112a077b886342
97.5 kB Preview Download
md5:ae6b0d55a31d8c090f44f7feee5449fb
123.6 kB Download
md5:258ad951137a79a188b9185c8d70b326
20.2 kB Download
md5:281a6f85c2116d716d9df5fc4b3ff941
8.6 kB Preview Download
md5:301aa65a8b990ef53bfecee49dd14160
18.2 kB Download
md5:3a16c1d1a96bc78263c1d5017c465d9f
62.2 kB Download
md5:fff6fdf4f9e70c125b96adce95683e35
308.3 kB Download
md5:2b8828154c64ab06950542f4a07ad449
83.4 kB Download
md5:c72a3a57c12b3deab6b1e93f16b369be
105.9 kB Download
md5:f5034d578ad63d0b02405d822baabf92
4.6 kB Preview Download
md5:99359c48ade875002e8f0eab3cb4c22a
241.9 kB Download
md5:a83b3eb9ea6ed8a1bad8e598d66fd85d
5.3 kB Preview Download
md5:af1832fafc17d7e6f5fa87aa104d555f
25.1 kB Download
md5:39282da248f2064dad08b777db52c042
25.5 kB Download
md5:6d0797cedcafbb3d32003881656e7281
26.3 kB Download
md5:6f13484b17c4f27dcbee3edf56c8b7f3
26.4 kB Preview Download
md5:29c3196887ee5e8cdab3e75c1dafb6fa
131.2 kB Preview Download
md5:4b2b55766ba25dbf06785ea73ea48c2a
149.2 kB Preview Download
md5:936d6d2ed62006221ecfa110d08daeb2
119.4 kB Preview Download
md5:9b2229d4d23af9b6bf8051323b240c83
120.7 kB Preview Download
md5:b2b1c68667d54eb5c3c5e32ff8f4f8f1
137.5 kB Preview Download
md5:8507f680f79c1b156dd404553c5faa2c
58.2 kB Download
md5:9cbce6221f56a75a5a97abd906f0fde4
5.7 kB Preview Download
md5:bac9f153a36405c82e621ade1f97af48
7.1 kB Preview Download

Additional details

Funding

VERIFY – Observation-based system for monitoring and verification of greenhouse gases 776810
European Commission
CoCO2 – Prototype system for a Copernicus CO2 service 958927
European Commission