Published February 10, 2022 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Underrated Innovativeness of Micro-Enterprises Compared to Small to Medium Enterprises in the Slovenian Forest-Wood Sector

  • 1. InnoRenew CoE


Although micro-enterprises represent most of the enterprises across different sectors, they are excluded from official statistics on innovation activities. What we know about micro-enterprises is based on smaller quantitative and qualitative studies that are country- and sector-specific. To understand the innovation activities of Slovenian enterprises in the forest-wood sector, we conducted our own quantitative study in 2019 based on the Eurostat’s Community Innovation Survey (CIS) questionnaire. Based on responses from 294 enterprises, we compare how micro-enterprises and small to medium enterprises (SMEs) differ in innovation strategies, product, and process innovations, co-operation with other organisations, innovation activities, and innovations with environmental benefits. The results indicate that, in some respects, enterprises with two to nine employees are at least as innovative as small to medium enterprises, or even more so. We argue that innovation surveys should lower the employee count threshold to attain better representative insight into the innovation landscape.


The study was funded by the European Commission within the InnoRenew project [Grant Agreement #739574] under the Horizon 2020 Widespread-Teaming program, the Republic of Slovenia (investment funding from the Republic of Slovenia and the European Regional Development Fund) and the Slovenian Research Agency within the project Using questionnaires to measure attitudes and behaviours of building users (Z5-1879).



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InnoRenew CoE – Renewable materials and healthy environments research and innovation centre of excellence 739574
European Commission