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Published November 30, 2021 | Version v1
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Effects of Air Temperature on Cardiopulmonary Mortality and Morbidity in Europe

  • 1. Department of Epidemiology of the Lazio Region Health Service (ASL ROMA 1), Italy
  • 2. Helmholtz Zentrum München (HMGU), Germany
  • 3. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), UK
  • 4. Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), Athens, Greece
  • 5. Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Oslo, Norway
  • 6. Department of Cardiology, University of Oslo


The report “Effects of air Temperature on Cardiopulmonary Mortality and Morbidity in Europe” was prepared as a milestone of the EU Project EXHAUSTION. It summarizes the evidence on the effects of different levels and changes in ambient air temperature on cardiopulmonary (CPD) mortality and morbidity across Europe and puts a spotlight on the vulnerable and susceptible population. It can help stakeholders and policymakers to plan adaptation measures to protect the vulnerable and susceptible population and increase European resilience towards climate change and extreme weather events.


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EXHAUSTION – Exposure to heat and air pollution in EUrope – cardiopulmonary impacts and benefits of mitigation and adaptation 820655
European Commission