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Published October 20, 2021 | Version 1.0
Book chapter Open

IT17-M Stazioni di Ricerca in Antartide

  • 1. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR), Bologna
  • 2. Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie
  • 3. Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e della Vita (DISTAV)
  • 4. Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, 2Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie
  • 5. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR), Pozzuolo di Lerici (LS)
  • 6. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Polari (ISP), Messina
  • 7. Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Biologia
  • 8. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR), Trieste
  • 9. Environmental Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94306, USA.
  • 10. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Polari (ISP), Bologna
  • 11. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto per le Risorse Biologiche e le Biotecnologie Marine (IRBIM), Ancona
  • 12. Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (SZN), Napoli
  • 13. Utrecht University, 13Biomarine Sciences, Institute of Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, HOL
  • 14. Museo Nazionale dell'Antartide, sezione di Genova

Description

The Antarctic continent plays a fundamental role in the global climate system and its role is particularly important in a climate change scenario. Since the '90s, the Ross Sea and the coastal area of Terra Nova Bay have been chosen as specific and peculiar research sites for climatic investigations within the LTER (Long-Term Ecological Research) network. Studies have been conducted by both Italian and international Universities and research centres.This macro-site area is characterized by abundant primary productivity, and zooplankton and benthonic communities. The objective of the research activities is the acquisition of long-term time series related to the biotic communities, the bio-geochemical fluxes and the physico-chemical parameters of the water column in the Ross Sea area. To this aim, four Moorings (A, B, D and H) were deployed to obtain the above-mentioned data, which will be very useful to improve the quality of the existing bio-geochemical models and to provide more precise information on the Antarctic marine ecosystem in relation to global climate change. In the Terra Nova Bay research site, the activities are devoted to the characterization of the relationship between the structure and the dynamic of the pelagic and benthonic communities and the ice cover. Numerous physical, chemical and biological data were collected from the four Moorings, the water samples retrieved at the Terra Nova Bay site and the sediments samples. Such fundamental data allowed establishing an important starting point to better understand the climate change phenomena occurred in the last twenty years, and that will occur in the future, in the Ross Sea Area.

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Additional details

Related works

Has part
Figure: 10.5281/zenodo.5236064 (DOI)
Is part of
Book: 10.5281/zenodo.5570272 (DOI)

Funding

eLTER PLUS – European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS 871128
European Commission
eLTER – European Long-Term Ecosystem and socio-ecological Research Infrastructure 654359
European Commission
eLTER PPP – eLTER Preparatory Phase Project 871126
European Commission