Published December 31, 2019 | Version v4
Report Open

Resource Efficiency and Climate Change: Material Efficiency Strategies for a Low-Carbon Future


This repository documents the background information to the following report:

IRP (2020). Resource Efficiency and Climate Change: Material Efficiency Strategies for a Low-Carbon Future. Hertwich, E., Lifset, R., Pauliuk, S., Heeren, N. A report of the International Resource Panel. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.

Last updated: 24. August 2021, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3542680



The main report is available on the UNEP IRP website as well as on the UNEP website.

The UNEP IRP website also holds the following documents, some available in multiple languages:

  • Full Report EN

  • Appendix Model description EN

  • Appendix Information on policies EN

  • Summary for Policymakers EN | AR | CN | FR | JP | RU | SP

  • Factsheet: EN | AR | CH | FR | JP | RU | SP

  • Implications for Business Leaders: EN

Report supplements

In addition to the official documents provided by the UNEP IRP, the following documents are available.

  • Documentation of the transport-sector model within the RECC model framework v1.0 – by Paul Wolfram, Qingshi Tu, Edgar G. Hertwich, and Stefan Pauliuk. Jan 31, 2020. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3631938

  • Documentation of part III of the RECC model framework: Open Dynamic Material Systems Model for the Resource Efficiency-Climate Change Nexus (ODYM-RECC), v2.2. by Pauliuk, Stefan. Freiburg (Germany), Dec. 2019. DOI: 10.31235/

Related publications

Academic Journal publications

  • Global scenarios of resource and emission savings from material efficiency in residential buildings and cars. Stefan Pauliuk, Niko Heeren, Peter Berrill, Tomer Fishman, Andrea Nistad, Qingshi Tu, Paul Wolfram, Edgar Hertwich. Nature Communications. 2021. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-25300-4.

  • A comprehensive set of global scenarios of housing, mobility, and material efficiency for material cycles and energy systems modelling. Tomer Fishman, Niko Heeren, Stefan Pauliuk, Peter Berrill, Qingshi Tu, Paul Wolfram, Edgar Hertwich. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2021. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13122

  • Material efficiency and its contribution to climate change mitigation in Germany: A deep decarbonization scenario analysis until 2060. Stefan Pauliuk, Niko Heeren. 2020. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13091

  • Linking Service Provision to Material Cycles – A New Scenario and Model Framework for Studying the Resource Efficiency-Climate Change Nexus. Stefan Pauliuk, Tomer Fishman, Niko Heeren, Peter Berrill, Qingshi Tu, Paul Wolfram, Edgar G. Hertwich. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2020. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13023

  • Material efficiency strategies to reducing greenhouse gas emissions associated with buildings, vehicles, and electronics – A review. Edgar Hertwich, Saleem Ali, Luca Ciacci, Tomer Fishman, Niko Heeren, Eric Masanet, Asghari Farnaz Nojavan, Elsa Olivetti, Setfan Pauliuk, Qingshi Tu, Paul Wolfram. Environmental Research Letters. 2019. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab0fe3.

  • ODYM – An Open Software Framework for Studying Dynamic Material Systems - Principles, Implementation, and Data Structures. Stefan Pauliuk, Niko Heeren. Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2019. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12952.

  • Material efficiency for immediate climate change mitigation of passenger vehicles by Paul Wolfram, Qingshi Tu, Niko Heeren, Stefan Pauliuk and Edgar Hertwich, Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2020. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13067.





This work has been mentioned in the following reports and policy initiatives:



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