Published September 2, 2021 | Version v1
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Nagorno-Karabakh and the Armenian Question: A Legal Conundrum



The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict involves a set of questions and interests that make it hard to be solved within the framework of current international law. Reportedly, in this long-lasting conflict there were serious violations of international law and international humanitarian law; all parties involved accused each other of war crimes and eventually resorted to the European Court of Human Rights. So far, for such alleged violations, no legal remedy was possible under the current international legal framework, just as there are many issues still on the table relating to the Armenian question. The Law of Nations is – or should be – the set of rules for the international community. Customary and treaty law are the legal means aimed to resolve and prevent disputes between states; they should serve to overcome the law of the jungle. This paper is aimed to scrutinize the legal conundrum of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict by investigating it within the overall context of the Armenian question.


This paper was funded through Short Term Grant for Armenian Studies 2020 No. 250390 by the Armenian Communities Department of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and represent the continuation of the research started under the generous support of the Knights of Vartan Fund for Armenian Studies administered by the National Association for Armenian Studies and Research (NAASR). The author acknowledges the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) for supporting his overall work through grant No. SFRH/BD/136170/2018. The author warmly thanks the Yerevan State University (YSU) and the Turpanjian Center for Policy Analysis (TCPA) of the American University of Armenia (AUA) for their cooperation.


ECPR General Conference 2021 - Presentation Marco Marsili.pdf

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