Published December 4, 2019 | Version v1
Poster Open

Characterisation of Roman copper alloy artefacts and soil from Rakafot 54 (Beer Sheva, Israel)

  • 1. Politecnico di Torino & Universidade de Évora
  • 2. Department of Bible, Archaeology & Ancient Near East, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • 3. HERCULES Laboratory, Department of Geosciences, Universidade de Évora
  • 4. Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino


Contact person:

  • 1. Politecnico di Torino & Universidade de Évora


The research presented in this paper focused on the preliminary non-destructive analysis of copper alloys, corrosion, and soil components from a Roman archaeological site in Israel. pXRF, XRD, and micromorphological analyses were carried out to gain a better understanding of the corrosion processes affecting the copper alloy artefacts, by characterising the alloy composition, soil environments, and corrosion products. Preliminary results indicate that the artefacts consist of copper-lead-tin alloys, covered by copper hydroxy-chlorides and lead sulphate phases with slight variations in their crystallisation. The multianalytical approach revealed the presence of quartz, calcite, gypsum and feldspars in the sediments, while thin sections more specifically indicate loess soils with local micro-environments. 



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Conference paper: 10.5281/zenodo.4896712 (DOI)


ED-ARCHMAT – European Doctorate in ARchaeological and Cultural Heritage MATerials science 766311
European Commission