Published May 17, 2021 | Version v1
Journal article Restricted

Taxonomic notes on owlflies from Pakistan (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae Ascalaphinae)

  • 1. Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China


Hassan, Muhammad Asghar, Liu, Xingyue (2021): Taxonomic notes on owlflies from Pakistan (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae Ascalaphinae). Zootaxa 4970 (3): 401-452, DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4970.3.1



The record is publicly accessible, but files are restricted to users with access.

Linked records

Additional details


  • Abraham, L. (2008a) Ascalaphid studies VI. New genus and species from Asia with comments on genus Suhpalacsa (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Somogyi Muzeumok Kozlemenyei, 18, 69-76. [#1-10, BotN ref#14315]
  • Abraham, L. (2008b) Ascalaphid studies VII. On the ascalaphid fauna of Taiwan (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Natura Somogyiensis, 12, 63-77. [BotN ref#14316]
  • Abraham, L. & Meszaros, Z. (2002) Ascalaphid Studies I. New Genera and Species of Ascalaphid from Palaearctic Region (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 37, 385-405. [BotN ref#10914]
  • Abraham, L. & Meszaros, Z. (2006) Ascalaphid Studies V. Revision on the genus of Nousera (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 41, 317-329. [BotN ref#12363]
  • Abraham, L. & Monnerat, C. (2021) A new owlfly species of Iranoidricerus (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) from Jordan. Zoology in the Middle East, 67, 57-64.
  • Banks, N. (1914) New neuropteroid insects, native and exotic. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 66, 608-632. [BotN ref#67]
  • Breitkreuz, L.C.V., Winterton, S.L. & Engel, M.S. (2017) Wing tracheation in Chrysopidae and other Neuropterida (Insecta): a resolution of the confusion about vein fusion. American Museum Novitates, 3890, 1-44. [BotN ref#18013]
  • Burmeister, H.C.C. (1839) Handbuch der Entomologie. Zweiter Band. Besondere Entomologie. Zweite Abtheilung. Kaukerfe. Gymnognatha. Zweite Halfte. Vulgo Neuroptera). Theodor Johann Christian Friedrich Enslin, Berlin, xii + 294 pp. [pp. i-xii + 757-1050. [BotN ref#1771]
  • Dobosz, R. & Abraham, L. (2007) New data to the Turkish ascalaphid fauna (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom, Entomology, 14-15, 13-27. [BotN ref#12040]
  • Fabricius, J.C. (1775) Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs. Offic. Libr. Kortii, Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, 832 pp. [BotN ref#2307]
  • Fabricius, J.C. (1787) Mantissa Insectorvm sistens eorvm species nvper detectas adjectis characteribvs genericis, differentiis specificis, emendationibvs, observationibvs. Tome 1. Chr. G. Proft, Hafniae, 519 pp. [BotN ref#2310]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1922) Some oriental Ascalaphidae in the Indian Museum. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 24, 511-520. [BotN ref#2382]
  • Gerstaecker, A. (1894) Uber neue und weniger gekannte Neuropteren aus der familie Megaloptera Burm. Mitt[h]eilungen aus dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein fur Neu Vorpommern und Rugen, 25, 93-173. [BotN ref#2559]
  • Ghosh, S.K. & Sen, S. (1977) Check-list of Indian Planipennia (Order Neuroptera). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 73, 277-326. [BotN ref#2592]
  • Ghosh, S.K. (1985) Insecta: Neuroptera. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 82, 69-71. [BotN ref#2588]
  • Ghosh, S.K. (1988) Contribution to the taxonomical studies of Neuroptera (suborder Planipennia) from eastern India. II. Family Ascalaphidae. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 85, 163-191. [BotN ref#9656]
  • Ghosh, S.K. (2000) Neuroptera fauna of North-East India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper, 184, i-xiii + 1-179. [BotN ref#11664]
  • Hagen, H.A. (1866) Hemerobidarum Synopsis synonymica. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 27, 369 462. [BotN ref#460]
  • Hassan, M.A., Oswald, J.D., Zia, A. & Liu, X.Y. (2019) Neuropterida (Insecta: Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, Neuroptera) of Pakistan: a catalogue and faunistic review. Zootaxa, 4686 (4), 497-541. [BotN ref# 18759]
  • Iqbal, M. & Yousuf, M. (1997) Antlions (Myrmeleontidae: Neuroptera) of the Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 29, 127-138. [BotN ref#9177]
  • Jones, J.R. (2014) Taxonomic revisions of six genera of entire-eyed owlflies (Ascalaphidae: Haplogleniinae), and first largescale phylogeny of the owlflies. Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, xiv + 1088 pp. [BotN ref# 15994]
  • Jones, J.R. (2019) Total-evidence phylogeny of the owlflies (Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae) supports a new higher-level classification. Zoologica Scripta, 48, 761-782. [BotN ref#18757]
  • Kaup, J.J. (1848) Uebersicht der Eulen (Strigidae). Isis: Encyclopadische Zeitschrift, Vorzugl. Fur Naturgeschichte, Vergleichende Anatomie und Physiologie [=Isis von Oken], 753-772. [Notes: Neuropterida related parts: (1) Pseudoptynx Kaup, 1848, BotN ref#6758: 770 (Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae), a senior homonym of Pseudoptynx van der Weele, 1909, BotN ref#420: 209 (Insecta: Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae), BotN ref#6758]
  • Kimmins, D.E (1949) Notes on Ascalaphidae in the British Museum collections, with descriptions of new species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 12, 2, 1-29. [BotN ref#3277]
  • Klug, J.C.F. (1829-1845 [1834]) [Genus Myrmeleon and Ascalaphus]. In: Ehrenberg, C.G. (Ed.), Symbolae physicae, seuicones et descriptiones corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum, quae ex itineribus per Libyam, Aegyptum, Nubiam, Dongalam, Syriam, Arabiam et Habessiniam …. P.C. Hemprich et C.G. Ehrenberg….studio annis 1820-25 redierunt….pars Zoologica. C. G. Ehrenberg, Berolini, pls. 35 & 36 and associated unpaginated letterpress of Insecta. Bd. 4. [BotN ref#3407]
  • Krivokhatsky, V.A (2019) On the variability of two Arabian myrmeleontoid lacewings (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae, Ascalaphidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 98, 147-151. [BotN ref#18640]
  • Latreille, P.A. (1802) Histoire naturelle, generale et particuliere des Crustaces et des insects. Vol. 3. Dufart, Paris, 467 pp. [BotN ref#3637]
  • Leach, W.E. (1814) Zoological miscellany; being descriptions of new, or interesting animals. Vol. 1. Printed by B. McMillan for E. Nodder & Son and sold by all booksellers, London, 144 pp. [BotN ref#3656]
  • Lefebvre, A. (1842) Le genre Ascalaphus Fabr. Guerin-Meneville, 4, 1-10. [BotN ref#3666]
  • Linnaeus, C. (1767) Systema natura per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tom. I. Pars II. 12th Edition. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 795 pp. [pp. 533-1327, BotN ref#3733]
  • Machado, R.J.P., Gillung, J.P., Winterton, S.L., Garzon-Orduna, I.J., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M. & Oswald, J.D. (2019) Owlflies are derived antlions: anchored phylogenomics supports a new phylogeny and classification of Myrmeleontidae (Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology, 44, 418-450. [BotN ref#18370]
  • Mansell, M.W. (2018) Antlions of southern Africa: genus Crambomorphus McLachlan, 1867, including extra-limital species (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae: Palparinae: Palparini). Zootaxa, 4382 (3), 465-500. [BotN ref#16335]
  • Meszaros, Z. & Abraham, L. (2003) Ascalaphid studies II. New genera and species of tribe Ascalaphini Weele 1908 from Palaearctic region (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 38, 341-350. [BotN ref#12361]
  • Meszaros, Z. & Abraham, L. (2005) Ascalaphid studies IV. A new ascalaphid species from Asia (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 40, 103-110. [BotN ref#12041]
  • Michel, B. (2005) A contribution to knowledge of the owlflies of Thailand (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Berlin, 52, 217-223. [BotN ref#11675]
  • Michel, B. & Mansell, M.W. (2018) A new genus and species of owlfly from eastern and southern Africa (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). European Journal of Taxonomy, 413, 1-12. [BotN ref#16345]
  • McLachlan, R. (1873a) An attempt towards a systematic classification of the family Ascalaphidae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology, 11, 219-276. [BotN ref#353]
  • McLachlan, R. (1873b) Neuroptera [sensu lato]. Zoological Record, 8, 398-409.
  • McLachlan, R. (1875) Setchatokrylye (Neuroptera). In: Fedtschenko, A.P. (Ed.), Puteshestvie v Turkestan. Vypusk 8. Vol. II. Zoogeograficheskiia izsliedovania. Chast V.S.-Peterburg, Moskva, pp. i-ii + 1-60. [in Russian, BotN ref#361]
  • McLachlan, R. (1891) Descriptions of new species of holophthalmous Ascalaphidae. Transactions of the [Royal] Entomological Society of London, 39, 509-515. [BotN ref#385]
  • McLachlan, R. (1894) Two new species of Myrmeleonidae from Madagascar. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 6, 13, 514-517. [BotN ref#3928]
  • McLachlan, R. (1898) Neuroptera-Planipennia collected in Algeria by the Rev. A. E. Eaton. Transactions of the [Royal] Entomological Society of London, 46, 151-168. [BotN ref#389]
  • Monserrat, V.J., Badano, D. & Acevedo, F. (2014) Nuevos datos de ascalafidos para la peninsula Iberica, con una nueva especie para la fauna europea (Insecta, Neuropterida, Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae). Heteropterus: Revista de Entomologia, 14, 147-167.
  • Navas, L. (1900-1901 [1901]) Notas entomologicas. III. Neuropteros del Montseny (Barcelona). Actas de la Sociedad Espanola de Historia Natural, 29, 92-96. [BotN ref#1162]
  • Navas, L. (1914) Ascalafido nuevo de Espana. Broteria, Zoologica, 12, 57-60. [BotN ref#591]
  • Navas, L. (1923) Insecta nova. VIII Series. Memorie dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome, Series 2, 6, 1-8. [BotN ref#760]
  • Navas, L. (1924) Insecta orientalia. III Series. Memorie dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome, 2 (7), 217-228. [BotN ref#781]
  • Navas, L. (1927) Nevropteres de la Chine. Arkiv for Zoologi, 19, 1-5. [BotN ref#830]
  • Navas, L. (1930) Comunicaciones entomologicas. 12. Insectos de la India 2.a serie. Revista de la Academia Ciencias Exactas Fisico-Quimicas y Naturales de Zaragosa, Series 1, 13, 29-48. [BotN ref#873]
  • Needham, J.G. (1909) Notes on the Neuroptera in the collection of the Indian Museum. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 3, 185-210. [BotN ref#4425]
  • New, T.R. (2003) The Neuroptera (Insecta) of Malesia. Fauna Malesiana. Vol. 4. Brill, Leiden, viii + 204 pp. [BotN ref#10897]
  • Newman, E. (1853) Proposed division of the Neuroptera into two classes. Zoologist, 11 (Appendix), 181-204. [BotN ref#4530]
  • Nitzsch, C.L. (1833) Pterylographiae avium pars prior. Typis expressum Gebaueriis, Halae, 52 pp. [Notes: Neuropterida related parts: (1) Hybris Nitzsch, 1833, BotN ref#4542:16, (Aves), a senior homonym of Hybris Lefebvre, 1842, [BotN ref#3666:7 (Insecta: Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae), BotN ref#4542]
  • Olfers, E.W.M. von (1907) Die "Ur-Insecten" (Thysanura und Collembola im Bernstein.) Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg, 48, 1-40. [Notes: Neuropterida related parts: (1) Stylonotus Olfers, 1907, r#5015: 20 (Insecta: Collembola), a senior homonym of Stylonotus Needham, 1909, r#4425: 198 (Insecta: Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae), BotN ref#5015]
  • Oswald, J.D. (1988) Remarks on the taxonomy of three recently discovered generic nomina oblita in the family Ascalaphidae (Neuroptera). Neuroptera International, 5, 89-92. [BotN ref#5030]
  • Oswald, J.D. (2020) (chief editor) Lacewing Digital Library. Available from: (accessed 13 July 2020)
  • Oswald, J.D. & Penny, N.D. (1991) Genus-group names of the Neuroptera, Megaloptera and Raphidioptera of the world. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences, 147, 1-94. [BotN ref#7138]
  • Rambur, M.P. (1838) Faune entomologique de l'Andalousie. Vol. 2. Bertrand, Paris, 1 pl. [unpaginated, BotN ref#5313]
  • Rambur, M.P. (1842) Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Nevropteres. Fain et Thunot, Paris, 534 pp. [BotN ref#5314]
  • Rodriguez-Flores, P.C., Pichaco-Garcia, P., Perez-Santiago, C.A. & Garcia-Paris, M. (2017) Observations on the natural history of Deleproctophylla dusmeti (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae) in salt marshes of La Mancha (central Spain). Heteropterus, 17, 21-33.
  • Sala de Castellarnau, I. (1946) Catalogo de neuropteros de la India. Broteria (Ciencias Naturais), 15, 114-128. [BotN ref#5514]
  • Sziraki, G. (1998) An annotated checklist of the Ascalaphidae species known from Asia and from the Pacific Islands. Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 59, 57-72. [BotN ref#9362]
  • Sziraki, G. (2000) Data to the knowledge of the Asian Ascalaphidae (Neuroptera), with description of a new subspecies. Folia Entomologica Hungarica Rovartania Kozlemenyek, 87-93. [BotN ref#9872]
  • Tauber, C.A., Simmons, Z. & Tauber, A.J. (2019) Type specimens of Neuropterida in the Hope Entomological Collection, Oxford University Museum of Natural History. ZooKeys, 823, 1-126. [BotN ref#18513]
  • Tjeder, B. (1972) Two necessary alterations in long-established genus nomenclature in Ascalaphidae (Neuroptera). Entomologica Scandinavica, 3, 153-155. [BotN ref#300]
  • Tjeder, B. & Waterston, A. R. (1977) Ptyngidricerus venustus n. sp. from Oman and Iran (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, 8, 87-92. [BotN ref#6063]
  • Walker, F. (1853) Catalogue of the specimens of neuropterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part II (Sialidae-Nemopterides). Newman, London, 284 pp. [pp. 193-476, BotN ref#6194]
  • Walker, F. (1860) Characters of undescribed Neuroptera in the collection of W. W. Saunders. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 10, 176-199. [BotN ref#6195]
  • Wang, X.L., Zhan, Q.B. & Wang, A.Q. (2018) Fauna Sinica. Insecta Vol. 68. Neuroptera, Myrmeleontoidea. Science Press, Beijing, [viii] + x + 285 pp. [BotN ref#18130]
  • Westwood, J.O. (1847) The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology; being a selection of the rarer and more beautiful species of insects, natives of India and the adjacent islands. The greater portion of which are now, for the first time, described and figured. Smith, London, 88 pp. [BotN ref#6259]
  • Whittington, A.E. (2002) Resources in Scottish Neuropterology. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 48, 371- 387. [BotN ref#10317]
  • van der Weele, H.W. (1909) Ascalaphiden. Collections Zoologiques du Baron Edm. de Selys Longchamps, Catalogue Systematique et Descriptif, 8, 1-326. [BotN ref#420]
  • Yang, D., Liu, X.Y. & Yang, X.K. (2018) Species Catalogue of China. Vol. 2. Animals, Insecta (II), Neuropterida. Science Press, Beijing, 104 pp. [BotN ref#18122]
  • Yang, M.X., Wang, X.L. & Sun, M.X. (2016) Two newly recorded genera and species of owlflies (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae) from China. Biodiversity Data Journal, 4, e7451.
  • Zhang, J., Sun, M.X. & Wang, X.L. (2015) Synopsis of subfamily Haplogleniinae Newman, 1853 in China (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae). Zootaxa, 3941 (3), 375-390.