Published April 9, 2021 | Version v1
Dataset Open

Corridor quality affects net movement, size of dispersers, and population growth in experimental microcosms

  • 1. University of Bristol

Description

Corridors are expected to increase species dispersal in fragmented habitats. However, it remains unclear how the quality of corridors influences the dispersal process, and how it interacts with corridor length and width. Here we investigate these factors using a small-scale laboratory system where we track the dispersal of the model organism Collembola Folsomia candida. Using this system, we study the effects of corridor length, width, and quality on the probability of dispersal, net movement, body size of dispersers, and the rate of change in population size after colonization. We show that corridor quality positively affected dispersal probability, net movement, and the rate of change in population size in colonised patches. Moreover, corridor quality significantly affected the size of dispersers, with only larger individuals dispersing through poor quality corridors. The length and width of corridors affected both the rate at which populations increased in colonised patches and the net number of individuals which dispersed, suggesting that these physical properties may be important in maintaining the flow of individuals in space. Our results thus suggest that corridor quality can have an important role in determining not only the probability of dispersal occurs but also the phenotypes of the individuals which disperse, with concomitant effects on the net movement of individuals and the rate of change in population size in the colonised patches.

Notes

##set up details

#microcosms

The microcosms were 3D printed, with two circle habitat patches connected with one corridor. The habitat patches were 5 cm in diameter, 2 cm in height. 

#plaster of Paris

Plaster of Paris (Hobbycraft LTD, UK) was mixed with black dye (Blue Lizard Reptiles LTD, UK) to created habitat patches and good quality corridors. 

#organisms

The microcosms were inoculated with soil Collembola Folsomia candida to the source patches at the beginning of the experiment (i.e. hours = 0) 

Funding provided by: China Scholarship Council
Crossref Funder Registry ID: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004543
Award Number: 201806190011

Files

Files (164.3 kB)

Name Size Download all
md5:e43655212d32785da57cae84f9b71b52
164.3 kB Download