Connection between the Long Secondary Period phenomenon and the red giant evolution
- 1. Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University in Cracow
The mechanism behind the Long Secondary Period (LSP) observed in pulsating red giants still remains unknown. In this work, I investigate the connection between the Red Giant Branch and Asymptotic Giant Branch evolution and the appearance of the LSP - the phenomenon observed in a large fraction the red giants I use the OGLE-III sample of the OSARG variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
I construct the density maps in the period-luminosity as well as color-magnitude planes for the stars showing LSP and compare them to the remaining giants. I also fit the spectral energy distribution to test whether an additional source of reddening is present in the LSP stars. I post a hypothesis that the LSP phenomenon may be related to a transition between the different pulsation period-luminosity sequences. I also show that an overabundance of the stars showing Long Period Variables can be observed around the
Tip of the Red Giant Branch, and much more prominently, at the upper part of the Asymptotic Giant Branch. The main over-density region appears to be slightly fainter and redder than the bulk of the Asymptotic Giant Branch. It also seems to correspond to the area of the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram where stable winds and high mass loss are present. The LSP can possibly be a recurring phenomenon appearing and disappearing in various points of the red giant evolution. The LSP stars appear to be more reddened than other giants, which suggests the intrinsic nature of the reddening, likely related to large dust emission.
The analysis seems to confirms the hypothesis that there is a relation between the mass loss due to the presence of strong stellar wind and the appearance of LSP.