Published February 24, 2021 | Version v1
Poster Open

The Multiple-component Binary Hyad, vA 351

  • 1. McDonald Observatory
  • 2. Lowell Observatory
  • 3. Southern Connecticut State University
  • 4. Harvard Smithsonian


We extend results first announced by Franz et al. (1998), that identified vA351 = H346 in the Hyades as a multiple star system containing a white dwarf. With Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor fringe tracking and scanning, and more recent speckle observations, all spanning 20.7 years, we establish a parallax, relative orbit, and mass fraction for two components, with a period, P = 2.70y and total mass 2.1M⊙. With ground-based radial velocities, we find that component B consists of BC, two M dwarf stars orbiting with a very short period (PBC = 0.749 days), having a mass ratio MC/MB=0.95. We confirm that the total mass of the system can only be reconciled with the distance and component photometry by including a fainter, higher mass component. The quadruple system consists of three M dwarfs (A,B,C) and one white dwarf (D); MA=0.57M⊙, MB=0.48M⊙, and MC=0.45M⊙. The WD mass, 0.53M⊙, comes from cooling models, an assumed Hyades age of 670My, and consistency with all previous and derived astrometric, photometric, and RV results. Velocities from Hα and He I emission lines confirm the BC period derived from absorption lines, with similar (HeI) and higher (Hα) velocity amplitudes. We ascribe the larger Hα amplitude to emission from a region each component shadows from the other, depending on the line of sight.


Paper submitted to Astronomical Journal



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