Published May 12, 2020 | Version v1
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State Estimation for Distribution Grids with a Single Point Grounded Neutral Conductor

  • 1. KIOS Research and Innovation Center of Excellence, University of Cyprus


Distribution system state estimation (DSSE) has been enabled by the deployment of smart meters and is currently the subject of active research, focused mainly in medium-voltage distribution grids (MVDGs). This article proposes a modified weighted least-squares (WLS) DSSE for low-voltage distribution grids (LVDGs) where the neutral conductor is grounded only at the MV-LV substation. DSSE methods developed for MVDGs are not applicable in such systems due to the significant voltage drop across the neutral conductor. The proposed DSSE includes the neutral voltage in the state vector, and the measurement functions are modified accordingly. To address any convergence issues and to enhance the accuracy of the proposed DSSE, virtual measurements are introduced for the neutral voltage. The effectiveness of the proposed DSSE is illustrated in a real LVDG and in the IEEE European low-voltage test feeder under different operating conditions, smart meter classes, and system layouts. In addition, a Monte Carlo analysis is performed for highlighting the importance of the proposed modifications to the WLS DSSE. Among others, the analysis indicates that the proposed method converged in all trials, despite including the neutral voltage in the state vector.


This work is supported by the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation Foundation (Project: INTEGRATED/0916/0035) . © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. A. Kotsonias, M. Asprou, L. Hadjidemetriou and E. Kyriakides, "State estimation for distribution grids with a single point grounded neutral conductor," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 8167-8177, May. 2020, doi: 10.1109/TIM.2020.2994011.



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KIOS CoE – KIOS Research and Innovation Centre of Excellence 739551
European Commission