Published March 4, 2020 | Version v1
Journal article Open

A critical review of the evacuation process due to fire or flooding from cruise vessels and large ropax vessels and the future challenges and developments

  • 1. National Technical University of Athens


Ship evacuation in response to fire or flooding hazards involves two phases: mustering, that is the reallocation of passengers from a designated area to a safer area or to the muster stations and abandoning the ship (embarkation and launching lifeboats). Evacuating a dynamic and complex environment such as a cruise vessel is a safety-critical and strictly time-bound task, which typically involves thousands of people moving within parts of the ship, assisted by a significant number of crew personnel, and a complicated decision-making process based on the evolving situation on-board and the information available to the decision makers. Timely and safe mustering and abandonment require accurate evaluation of ship’s conditions as well as estimation of remaining time. A critical review of the evacuation process due to fire or flooding from Cruise Vessels and large RoPax Vessels in terms of the existing regulatory framework, the installed life-saving appliances and the smart environment elements are presented. This paper is concluded with the future challenges and developments concerning the evacuation process.



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SafePASS – Next generation of life Saving appliances and systems for saFE and swift evacuation operations on high capacity PASSenger ships in extreme scenarios and conditions 815146
European Commission