Published July 30, 2019 | Version v1
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Reactive atomistic simulations of Diels-Alder reactions: The importance of molecular rotations

  • 1. university of basel


The Diels-Alder reaction between 2,3-dibromo-1,3-butadiene and maleic anhydride has been studied by means of multisurface adiabatic reactive molecular dynamics and the PhysNet neural network architecture. This system is used as a prototype to explore the concertedness, synchronicity, and possible ways of promotion of Diels-Alder reactions. Analysis of the minimum dynamic path indicates that rotational energy is crucial (∼65%) to drive the system toward the transition state in addition to collision energy (∼20%). Comparison with the reaction of butadiene and maleic anhydride shows that the presence of bromine substituents in the diene accentuates the importance of rotational excitation to promote the reaction. At the high total energies at which reactive events are recorded, the reaction is found to be direct and mostly synchronous.



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