Published May 24, 2019 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Energy Efficiency Management: State of the Art and Improvement Potential Analysis with Regard to Cargo Transport by Air and Rail


This review article summarizes the state of the art in energy efficiency (EE)
management in air and rail cargo transportation. After an introduction, explanations
and definitions follow around the topic of energy efficiency. The political
framework conditions of the European Union (EU) as well as the associated
European Union Emissions Trading System are described. In particular, the drive
technologies, CO2 emissions, and fuel-saving options are reviewed.



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