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Published November 28, 2019 | Version v3
Dataset Open

Turkic basic vocabularies

  • 1. Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History


The dataset represents basic vocabulary data across 32 Turkic languages. The basic vocabulary list merges the Leipzig-Jakarta 200 list (Haspelmath and Tadmor 2009) with the Jena 200 list (Anderson and Heggarty n.d.) and contains 254 different concepts. For each word in the dataset we provide an etymological analysis to establish cognacy classes on the basis of regular sound correspondences. Borrowings that can be identified using clearcut historical comparative criteria are excluded to provide a clearer phylogenetic signal. We deal with cases of synonymy in that we allow more than one word with a certain basic meaning in our dataset unless there is evidence that it is less basic than one of its synonyms. Singletons are removed from the dataset in case they have a non-singleton synonym that fits the criteria for basic status. The dataset also contains the tsv file edited in the EDICTOR tool (List 2017) as well as the file fed to BEAST in the original nexus format and in the XML format required by BEAST.



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Additional details


Eurasia3angle – Millet and beans, language and genes. The origin and dispersal of the Transeurasian family. 646612
European Commission