Published July 30, 2019 | Version Accepted pre-print
Journal article Open

The Rise of Blockchain Technology in Agriculture and Food Supply Chains

  • 1. GIRO Program, IRTA Torre Marimon, E-08140 Caldes de Montbui, Barcelona, Spain & Research Centre on Interactive Media, Smart Systems and Emerging Technologies (RISE), Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 2. GIRO Program, IRTA Torre Marimon, E-08140 Caldes de Montbui, Barcelona, Spain


Blockchain is an emerging digital technology allowing ubiquitous financial transactions among distributed untrusted parties, without the need of intermediaries such as banks. This article examines the impact of blockchain technology in agriculture and food supply chain, presents existing ongoing projects and initiatives, and discusses overall implications, challenges and potential, with a critical view over the maturity of these projects. Our findings indicate that blockchain is a promising technology towards a transparent supply chain of food, with many ongoing initiatives in various food products and food-related issues, but many barriers and challenges still exist, which hinder its wider popularity among farmers and systems. These challenges involve technical aspects, education, policies and regulatory frameworks.


This work has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 739578 and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus through the Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development.



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RISE – Research Center on Interactive Media, Smart System and Emerging Technologies 739578
European Commission