Published February 27, 2019 | Version 1.0
Dataset Open

INEGI Uso del Suelo y Vegetacion Land Cover Classifications for Mexico (1985, 1993, 2002, 2007, 2011), Harmonized with NLCD 2011 Legend

  • 1. ASU School of Earth and Space Exploration


We have taken the Uso del Suelo y Vegetacion land cover classification products for Mexico (courtesy of Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia, or INEGI) for years 1985, 1993, 2002, 2007, and 2011 (INEGI, 2015); and harmonized their classes with the classes of the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium (MRLC) National Land Cover Database (NLCD) (Homer et al., 2015). Details of processing, along with the processing scripts, are archived in GitHub in the NLCD_INEGI project (Bohn, 2019).

This project contains the following g-zipped tar files:

  • SERIE_I.tgz - land cover from 1985
  • SERIE_II.tgz - land cover from 1993
  • SERIE_III.tgz - land cover from 2002
  • SERIE_IV.tgz - land cover from 2007
  • SERIE_V.tgz - land cover from 2011

On LINUX, the contents of these files can be extracted via "tar":

tar -xvzf SERIE_I.tgz >& log.tar.txt

On Windows, applications such as "7-zip" can extract the contents.

Each of these .tgz files contain a folder with the same name but without the ".tgz". Within each of these folders are the following sub-folders:

  • For SERIE_I to SERIE_IV:
    • metatiles/ - original land cover shapefiles, with Mexico divided into "metatiles" along UTM zones, as documented in Processing_of_INEGI_USOSV_dataset.docx
    • geo/ - shapefiles from "metatiles", reprojected into geographic
    • entire/ - shapefiles from "geo" merged into a single file for the entire country
  • For SERIE_V:
    • entire/ - original land cover shapefile in Lambert Conical projection, covering all of Mexico
    • geo/ - shapefile from "entire" reprojected into geographic
    • cve_union/ - shapefiles covering all of Mexico, in geographic projection, with land cover reclassified to NLCD 2011 legend
    • rasters/ - files from "cve_union", rasterized at 0.000350884 degree resolution
    • ascii/ - raster files from "rasters", exported to ascii ESRI grid file format

Output files (in the "ascii" folders) are ESRI ascii raster grid files, in geographic projection, with cellsize = 0.000350884 degrees.


Files (6.8 GB)

Name Size Download all
981.4 MB Download
1.4 GB Download
1.7 GB Download
1.8 GB Download
911.6 MB Download

Additional details


  • INEGI, 2014: Conjunto de datos vectoriales de Uso del Suelo y Vegetación, Escala 1:250 000, Serie V (Capa Unión). (Accessed October 1, 2015).
  • Homer, C. G., and Coauthors, 2015: Completion of the 2011 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States - Representing a decade of land cover change information. Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sens., 81, 345–354.
  • Bohn, T. J., 2019: tbohn/NLCD_INEGI: Tools to Create Harmonized US-Mexico Land Cover Classifications from NLCD and INEGI, 1992/2001/2011, v1.5 (Version v1.5). Zenodo,