Planned intervention: On Wednesday June 26th 05:30 UTC Zenodo will be unavailable for 10-20 minutes to perform a storage cluster upgrade.
Published January 3, 2015 | Version 10000350
Journal article Open

Adhesion Problematic for Novel Non-Crimp Fabric and Surface Modification of Carbon-Fibres Using Oxy-Fluorination

Description

In the scope of application of technical textiles, Non-
Crimp Fabrics are increasingly used. In general, NCF exhibit
excellent load bearing properties, but caused by the manufacturing
process, there are some remaining disadvantages which have to be
reduced. Regarding to this, a novel technique of processing NCF was
developed substituting the binding-thread by an adhesive. This stitchfree
method requires new manufacturing concept as well as new basic
methods to prove adhesion of glue at fibres and textiles. To improve
adhesion properties and the wettability of carbon-fibres by the
adhesive, oxy-fluorination was used. The modification of carbonfibres
by oxy-fluorination was investigated via scanning electron
microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and single fibre
tensiometry. Special tensile tests were developed to determine the
maximum force required for detachment.

Files

10000350.pdf

Files (3.0 MB)

Name Size Download all
md5:2a63d96c93c48a2e7317ba030eb03e7a
3.0 MB Preview Download

Additional details

References

  • A. P. Mouritz, K. H. Leong, and I. Herszberg, "A review of the effect of stitching on the in-plane mechanical properties of fibre-reinforced polymer composites," Composites Part A, vol. 28A, pp. 979–991, 1997.
  • L. E. Asp, J. Varna, and E. Marklund, "Non-crimp fabric composites, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications," S. V. Lomov, Ed. Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2011.
  • B. Thoma, K. Weidenmann, and F. Henning, "Chemical Stitching Process for Rapid Preform-Manufacturing," Zeitschrift Kunststofftechnik/ Journal of Plastics Technology, vol. 8, pp. 491–514, 2012.
  • J. K. Kim, H. S. Kim, and D. G. Lee, "Adhesion characteristics of carbon/epoxy composites treated with low- and high atmospheric pressure plasmas," VSP, vol. 17(13), pp. 1751–1771, 2003.
  • G. M. Wu, J. M. Schultz, D. J. Hodge, and F. N. Cogswell, "Effects of treatment on the surface composition and energy of carbon fibers," Polymer Composites, vol. 16(4), pp. 284–287, 1995.
  • G. Zhang, S. Sun, D. Yang, J.-P. Doelet, and E. Sacher, "The surface analytical characterization of carbon fibers functionalized by H2SO4/HNO3 treatment," Carbon, vol. 46, pp. 196–205, 2008.
  • S.-J. Park, M.-K. Seo, and K.-Y. Rhee, "Studies on mechnical interfacial properties of oxy-fluorinated carbon fibres-reinforced composites," Materials Science & Engineering, A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing, vol. 356, pp. 219–226, 2003.
  • S.-J. Park and M.-H. Kim, "Effect of acidic anode treatment on carbon fibers for increasing fiber-matrix adhesion and its relationship to interlaminar shear," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 35, pp. 1901– 1905, 2000.
  • I. Käppler, R.-D. Hund, and C. Cherif, "Surface modification of carbon fibres using plasma and wet chemical techniques," in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Intelligent Textiles and Mass Customisation (ITMC), 2013. [10] B. Lindsay, M.-L. Abel, and J. F. Watts, "A study of electrochemically treated PAN based carbon fibres by IGC and XPS," Carbon, vol. 45, pp. 2433–2444, 2007. [11] F. Hoecker and J. Karger-Kocisis, "Surface Energetics of Carbon Fibers and Its Effects on the Mechanical Performance of CF/EP Composites," Journal of Applied Polynmer Science, vol. 59(1), pp. 139–153, 1998. [12] G. Krekel, K. J. Huettinger, W. P. Hoffmann, and D. S. Silver, "The relevance of the surface structure and surface chemistry of carbon fibres in their adhesion to high-temperature thermoplastics," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 29, pp. 2968–2980, 1994. [13] gerd Habenicht, Ed., Kleben: Grundlagen, Technologien, Anwendungen. VDI, Springer-Verlag, 2005.