Published December 28, 2023 | Version v1
Dataset Open

Cost of illness due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Among Infants Hospitalized in Argentina

  • 1. Fundacion infant
  • 2. Fundacion INFANT
  • 3. Fundacion Infant


Database of the cost estimation study for acute lung disease due to RSV and its long-term effects.


Background. Information is scarce regarding the economic burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease in low-resource settings. This study aimed to estimate the cost per episode of hospital admissions due to RSV severe disease in Argentina.

Methods. This is a prospective cohort study that collected information regarding 256 infants under 12 months of age with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) due to RSV in two public hospitals of Buenos Aires between 2014 and 2016. Information on healthcare resource use was collected from the patient’s report and its associated costs were estimated based on the financial database and account records of the hospitals. We estimated the total cost per hospitalization due to RSV using the health system perspective. The costs were estimated in US dollars as of December 2022 (1 US dollar = 170 Argentine pesos).

Results. The mean costs per RSV hospitalization in infants was US$587.79 (95% confidence interval [CI] $535.24 – $640.33). The mean costs associated with pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission more than doubled from those at regular pediatric wards ($1,556.81 [95% CI $512.21 – $2,601.40] versus $556.53 [95% CI $514.59 – $598.48]).

Conclusions. This study shows the direct economic impact of acute severe RSV infection on the public health system in Argentina. The estimates obtained from this study could be used to inform cost-effectiveness analyses of new preventive RSV interventions being developed.



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Alternative title
Assessing the Long-Term Economic Impact of Wheezing Episodes After Severe RSV Disease in Children from Argentina: A Cost of Illness Analysis