Published May 31, 2023 | Version v1
Journal article Open

The dynamic coupling between the pulse wake mixing strategy and floating wind turbines

  • 1. Delft Center for Systems and Control, Delft University of Technology
  • 2. Department of Flow Physics and Technology, Delft University of Technology

Description

Inrecent years, control techniques such as dynamic induction control (often referred to as “the pulse”) have shown great potential in increasing wake mixing, with the goal of minimising turbine-to-turbine interaction within a wind farm. Dynamic induction control disturbs the wake by varying the thrust of the turbine over time, which results in a time-varying induction zone. If applied to a floating wind turbine, this time-varying thrust force will, besides changing the wake, change the motion of the platform. In light of the expected movement, this work investigates if applying the pulse to a floating wind turbine yields similar results to that of the pulse applied to bottom-fixed turbines. This is done by considering first the magnitude of motions of the floating wind turbine due to the application of a time-varying thrust force and secondly the effect of these motions on the wake mixing. A frequency response experiment shows that the movement of the floating turbine is heavily frequency dependent, as is the thrust force. Time domain simulations, using a free-wake vortex method with uniform inflow, show that the expected gain in average wind speed at a distance of 5 rotor diameters downstream is more sensitive to the excitation frequency compared to a bottom-fixed turbine with the same pulse applied. This is due to the fact that, at certain frequencies, platform motion decreases the thrust force variation and thus reduces the onset of wake mixing.

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Additional details

Funding

FLOATECH – Optimization of floating wind turbines using innovative control techniques and fully coupled open source engineering tool 101007142
European Commission