Journal article Open Access

Assessing the Influence of Zeolite Composition on Oxygen-Bridged Diamino Dicopper(II) Complexes in Cu-CHA DeNOx Catalysts by Machine Learning-Assisted X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

Andrea Martini; Chiara Negri; Luca Bugarin; Gabriele Deplano; Reza K. Abasabadi; Kirill A. Lomachenko; Ton V. W. Janssens; Silvia Bordiga; Gloria Berlier; Elisa Borfecchia

Cu-exchanged chabazite is the catalyst of choice for NOx abatement in diesel vehicles aftertreatment systems via ammonia-assisted selective catalytic reduction (NH3− SCR). Herein, we exploit in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy powered by wavelet transform analysis and machine learning-assisted fitting to assess the impact of the zeolite composition on NH3-mobilized Cu-complexes formed during the reduction and oxidation half-cycles in NH3− SCR at 200 °C. Comparatively analyzing well-characterized Cu-CHA catalysts, we show that the Si/Al ratio of the zeolite host affects the structure of mobile dicopper(II) complexes formed during the oxidation of the [CuI (NH3)2] + complexes by O2. Al-rich zeolites promote a planar coordination motif with longer Cu−Cu interatomic distances, while at higher Si/Al values, a bent motif with shorter internuclear separations is also observed. This is paralleled by a more efficient oxidation at a given volumetric Cu density at lower Si/Al, beneficial for the NOx conversion under NH3−SCR conditions at 200 °C.

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