Journal article Open Access
Anthi S. Stefanarou; Constantinos V. Chrysikopoulos
Formaldehyde (FA) is an extremely active compound that is widely used in numerous
applications. Given that FA is a known carcinogen, it is essential to remove it from the environment.
Titanium dioxide (TiO2), due to its special physicochemical properties, is a promising adsorbent for
the removal of specific organic compounds from aqueous solutions. In this study, the interaction of
TiO2 with FA in the presence and absence of quartz sand, the most common mineral on the Earth’s
surface, was investigated under static and dynamic (batch) conditions, at 25 C. The experimental
data suggested that the sorption of FA onto TiO2 can be described adequately by a pseudo-second
order kinetic model, indicating that the main sorption mechanism was chemisorption. It was
observed that the combination of TiO2 and quartz sand could1 lead up to effective removal of FA
from aqueous samples.