Journal article Open Access

Introduction of Ethnozoology-a review

Muhammad Ishaq

Interaction between human being civilizations and the animals in their environment is known as ethnozoology. It includes the classification and vernacular names of fauna, folklore awareness, and utilize of whole fauna. The importance of this information to our knowledge of the functions performed by fauna in human being civilization is the focus of ethnozoological research. Ethnozoology is a branch of ethnology that studies how people across the globe have seen and interacted with faunal assets from the beginning of time. Using animals and their products such as meat, fats, milk, venom, feather, egg and honey, hooves, antler, horn, scale, bone, tusk, testis, saliva, quill, liver, bile, brain, carapaces, hair, musk gland, skin, blood, teeth, beak and urine to cure people with different health issues has a long history and is still popular in many areas of the globe, even as modern science advances. Traditional medicines made from animal products are utilized, and an approximately 8.7% of the essential compounds used in contemporary therapy systems are derived from various fauna. Animal-derived essential chemicals account of the important compounds utilized in protective medicines, according to estimates. Insects are important components of contemporary society because of their anti-rheumatic, diuretic, antibacterial, analgesic, and immunological capabilities. Because contemporary drug development has been severely hampered in recent years owing to the loss of cultural and socioeconomic features of local populations throughout the world, recording of indigenous people's traditional knowledge is essential.

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