Conference paper Open Access


Sharofova Marjona Jamsherovna; Azimbekova Sitora Nodirovna

Hypothyroidism (also called insufficient thyroid, low thyroid, or hypothyroidism) is a disorder of the endocrine system that produces thyroid hormone. This can cause symptoms such as poor ability to tolerate cold, feeling tired, loss of appetite, depression. The front of the neck may increase from time to time due to goiter. Untreated cases of hypothyroidism during pregnancy can lead to a delay in the growth and intellectual development of the child or congenital iodine deficiency syndrome. All over the world, too low intake of iodine in the diet is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Japanese scientist Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in countries where there is not enough iodine. Less common causes include previous treatment with radioactive iodine, injury to the anterior hypothalamus or pituitary gland, taking certain medications, and lack of thyroid activity

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