Taxonomic treatment Open Access

Phlomoides zenaidae Adylov, Kamelin & Makhmedov

Zhao, Yue; Chi, Jian-Cai; Chen, Ya-Ping; Liang, Cun-Zhu; Turginov, Orzimat T.; Pulatov, Sardor O.; Rakhmatov, Abdurashid A.; Aromov, Tolmas B.; Xiang, Chun-Lei

Phlomoides zenaidae (Popov)Adylov, Kamelin & Makhmedov, in Opred.Rast.Sred. Azii 9: 101. 1987.

Eremostachys zenaidae Popov, in Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. xix. 71. 1941.

Type: — Kazakhstan, Eastern Tianshan mountain, Tscharyn river, arid hillsides, 20 June 1937, M. G . Popov. s.n. (holotype: LE!; isotype: LE!).

Perennial herbs, 40–60 cm tall. Roots linear-tuberous. Stems erect, subquadrangular, purple, 1–3 branched, glabrous. Basal leaves with petioles 4–6 cm long, white, margin white pilose; lamina oblong, margin coarsely crenate, thick papery, 10 × 3–4 cm, adaxially green, glabrous, abaxially light green, with sparse, simple and stellate pilose hairs; stem leaves opposite, similar to basal leaves; petioles short, 0.5–1 cm long. Verticillasters 6–10 flowered, distant; floral leaves sessile, rhombus-oblong, subglabrous, margin remotely dentate, shorter than verticillasters, gradually reduced upward; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 6–8 mm long, glabrous, margin sparsely ciliate. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ca. 18 mm long, glabrous outside, teeth subequal, 1.5–2 mm long, apical emarginate, with spines 1–1.5 mm long, tufted hairy inside. Corolla purple, ca. 3.5 cm long, 2-lipped; upper lip ca. 15 mm long, galeate, densely stellate tomentose outside, margin entire, glabrous inside, margin ciliate; lower lip 3-lobed, ca. 20 mm long, flabellate, middle lobe largest, oblong, lateral lobes ovate; tube slender, ca. 18 mm long, annulate pilose inside near base. Stamens 4, included, glabrous, posterior filaments with upwardly curved appendages at base. Style included, apex unequally 2-lobbed. Mericarps elliptic, glabrous (Fig. 1).

Phenology: —Flowering from May to July, fruiting from July to September.

Distribution, habitat and ecology: — China and Kazakhstan; new record for China, occurring in Nilka County, Xinjiang province. It grows on arid gravel hillsides, 1100–1200 m, together with other species, such as Ixiolirion songaricum Ping Yan (1996: 605), Scutellaria przewalskii Juzepczuk (1951: 400), Ziziphora tenuior Linnaeus (1753: 21), etc. (Fig. 2).

Etymology: —The specific epithet refers to a Russian botanist Zinaida Petrovna Bochantseva.

Common name (assigned here): —Xin jiang sha sui (Ǜḋỳffi; Chinese name).

Taxonomic notes: —Morphologically, Phlomoides zenaidae is obviously different from other Chinese species by posterior lip being glabrous inside with an entire margin (vs. posterior lip bearded inside with a denticulate margin).

Conservation status in China:Phlomoides zenaidae is restricted to one locality in Nilka County, Xinjiang province. In total, approximately 1,000 individuals were found in a semiarid desert grassland. This species maybe easily threatened by habitat lose. Thus P. zenaidae should be classified as Vulnerable (VU: D1) based on the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN 2019).

Additional specimens examined: KAZAKHSTAN: Almaty province, Zhungar Alata, Charin river, 1100 m, 21 May 2019, Ziyoviddin Yusupov & Maxhmudjanov Dilmurod ZD 1134 (KUN!); Zailiyskiy Alatau, eastern end of the Turaigyr ridge, near the Charyn river, rocky slopes, 15 May 1953, V. P . Goloskov s.n. (MW!). CHINA: Xinjiang province, Nilka County, Keling Village, 1200 m, 26 Sep. 2020, J. C . Chi 1265 (KUN!).

Published as part of Zhao, Yue, Chi, Jian-Cai, Chen, Ya-Ping, Liang, Cun-Zhu, Turginov, Orzimat T., Pulatov, Sardor O., Rakhmatov, Abdurashid A., Aromov, Tolmas B. & Xiang, Chun-Lei, 2022, Three new records of Lamiaceae from China and Uzbekistan, pp. 111 in Phytotaxa 531 (2) on page 111, DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.531.2.3,
Files (3.9 kB)
Name Size
3.9 kB Download
Plazi XML
  • Yan, P. (1996) Ixiolirion songaricum. In: Yan, P. (Ed.) Flora Xinjiangensis 6. Xinjiang Sciences and technology and hygiene Publishing house, Urumqi, pp. 605.

  • Juzepczuk, S. V. (1951) Scutellarum novarum decades i-iv. Botanicheskie Materialy Gerbariia Botanicheskogo Instituta imeni V. L. Komarova Akademii Nauk SSSR 14: 400.

  • Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum. Salvius, Stockholm, 1200 pp.

  • IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. (2019) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 14. IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee.

All versions This version
Views 4040
Downloads 11
Data volume 3.9 kB3.9 kB
Unique views 3535
Unique downloads 11


Cite as