Journal article Open Access
TSS Jayawardana; EASK Fernando; GHD Wijesena
Weaving is considered to be the most versatile means of manufacturing fabric. Due to versatility, process control is mandatory to ensure the quality of the woven fabric becomes a diverse task with a broader scope. With the advent of technology speed of weaving has been drastically increased due to which variation in warp tension becomes an inevitable fact for value-added technical products. Further, variation in warp tension results in different pick density which causes a shade variation due to different amounts of dye penetration along with the fabric. Maintain constant pick density throughout weaving is considered as the most important aspect. The pick density is greatly affected by the warp gaiting tension at which the fabric is woven and experiment results revealed that the warp gaiting tension is considerably changed when the beam is weaved down. Authors attempt to statistically analyze the quantitative relationship between the warp gaiting tension and the pick density. However, due to the high level of variability of warp gaiting tension along the warp with slightly scattered nature of experimental data, setting up a relationship with adequate accuracy is beyond achievable. Hence the warp gaiting tension is first grouped using a statistical technique and established the relationship for each group. The level of accuracy for each model is evaluated at 95% of the confidence interval and thereby determined the permissible tolerance in warp gaiting tension under which the required pick density could be still achieved.