Journal article Open Access

Development of an instrument to assess early number concept development in four South African languages

Henning, Elizabeth; Balzer, Lars; Ehlert, Antje; Fritz, Annemarie

A recently published interview-based test, known by its partly German acronym, MARKO-D SA, is introduced in this article by way of a narrative of its development through various cycles of research. The 48-item test, in 4 South African languages, captures number concept development of children in the 6 to 8-year age group. The authors present their argument for the South African versioning and translation of the test for this country, where there is a dearth of suitable assessment instruments for gauging young children’s mathematical concept development. We also present the findings of the research that was conducted to standardise and norm the local version of the test, along with our reasoning about the theoretical strength of the conceptual model that undergirds the test.

Files (399.6 kB)
Name Size
399.6 kB Download
Views 37
Downloads 29
Data volume 11.6 MB
Unique views 33
Unique downloads 27


Cite as