Journal article Open Access

Importance of the Application of Lean Manufacturing and Sustainable Manufacturing and Its Impact on Productivity and Quality in the Electronics Industry of Mexicali

Ana Laura Sánchez Corona; Samantha Eugenia Cruz Sotelo; Carlos Raúl Navarro González; Sara Ojeda Benítez

Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication

An evaluation of use of lean and sustainable manufacturing tools was made, correlating them with the productivity and quality indices in an industry of the electronic sector located in the city of Mexicali. In this evaluated company, it was observed that some improper manufacturing methods was used and for this reason, generated a large amount of waste from electronic devices and electronic boards. This caused the productivity and quality indices to decrease, originating the need for extra time and with it unnecessary costs that devalued the prices of manufactured products, due to the competitiveness in the electronic industry sector evaluated. With the application of tools of lean manufacturing and sustainable manufacturing, the productivity and quality levels were increased and both overtime and unnecessary costs were reduced, achieving competitive prices in the evaluated industry. The installation method of electronic components with polarity in electronic boards was evaluated, due to the fact that a great diversity of products emerged from the automatic insertion area with defects, indicating reversed polarity, which should be solved, otherwise, short circuits could be generated or lack of electrical conductivity, in the manufactured products in their final process. This caused the manufactured products to not work properly, causing the presence of defective products and with it low levels of productivity and quality and economic losses. and It was detected that this occurred due to the lack of training of the operative personnel and the neglect of the operative workers of the automatic insertion area. In order to control this situation, as a methodological part, schematic models were developed to support the operational personnel in their activities in the automatic insertion area. This proposal with the schematic models developed for use in the electronics industry, where the research was made. The study was developed from 2018 to 2019.

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