Dataset Open Access

SEMFIRE forest dataset for semantic segmentation and data augmentation

Bittner, Dominik; Andrada, Maria Eduarda; Portugal, David; Ferreira, João Filipe

Data collector(s)
André G Araújo
Project leader(s)
Micael S Couceiro

SEMFIRE Datasets (Forest environment dataset)

These datasets are used for semantic segmentation and data augmentation and contain various forestry scenes. They were collected as part of the research work conducted by the Institute of Systems and Robotics, University of Coimbra team within the scope of the Safety, Exploration and Maintenance of Forests with Ecological Robotics (SEMFIRE, ref. CENTRO-01-0247-FEDER-032691) research project coordinated by Ingeniarius Ltd.

The semantic segmentation algorithms attempt to identify various semantic classes (e.g. background, live flammable materials, trunks, canopies etc.) in the images of the datasets.

The datasets include diverse image types, e.g. original camera images and their labeled images. In total the SEMFIRE datasets include about 1700 image pairs. Each dataset includes corresponding .bag files.

To launch those .bag files on your ROS environment, use the instructions on the following Github repository

Description of each dataset:

  1. 2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra: Robot moving on a path through a forest environment
  2. 2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra: Robot moving in a circle in a parking lot for testings
  3. 2020_sete_fontes_forest: A set of forest images acquired by hand-held apparatus

Each dataset consists of following directories:

  1. images directory: diverse image types, e.g. original camera images and their labeled images
  2. rosbags directory: .bag files, which correspond to the image directory

Each images directory consists of following directories:

  • img: original camera images
  • lbl: single channel images (ground truth) with corresponding labels for each image in img
  • lbl_colored: camera images in lbl colorized according to different semantic classes (for more details see the datasets descriptions)
  • lbl_overlaid: camera images in img overlaid with corresponding labels (colored)

Each rosbags directory contains .bag files with the following topics:

  • 2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra_rosbags:
    • /back_lslidar_packet
    • /dalsa_camera_720p/compressed
    • /flir_ax8/compressed
    • /front_lslidar_packet
    • /gps_fix
    • /gps_time
    • /gps_vel
    • /imu/data
    • /realsense/aligned_depth_to_color/image_raw
    • /realsense/color/camera_info
    • /realsense/color/image_raw/compressed
    • /realsense/depth/camera_info
    • /realsense/depth/image_rect_raw/compressed
    • /realsense/extrinsics/depth_to_color
  • 2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra_rosbags:
    • /dalsa_camera_720p/compressed
    • /gps_fix
    • /gps_ime
    • /fused_point_cloud
    • /imu/data
    • /imu/mag
    • /imu/rpy
  • 2020_sete_fontes_forest_rosbags:
    • /realsense/camera_info
    • /realsense/depth_compressed/compressedDepth
    • /realsense/nir/left/compressed
    • /realsense/nir/right/compressed
    • /realsense/rgb/compressed

All datasets include a detailed description as a text file. In addition, they include a rosbag_info.txt file with a description for each ROS inside the .bag files as well as a description for each ROS topic.

 

The following table shows the statistical description of typical portuguese woodland configurations with structured plantations of Pinus pinaster (Pp, pine trees) and Eucalyptus globulus (Eg, eucalyptus).

  "Low density" structured plantation "High density" structured plantation
Tree density (assuming plantation in rows spaced 3m apart in all cases)

Eg: 900 trees/ha

Pp: 450 trees/ha

Eg: 1400 trees/ha

Pp: 1250 trees/ha

Average heights and corresponding ages of plantation trees

Eg: 12m (6 years old)

Pp: 10m (15 years old)

Eg: 12m (6 years old)

Pp: 10m (15 years old)

Maximum heights and corresponding fully-matured ages of plantation trees

Eg: 20m (11 years old)

Pp: 30m (40 years old)

Eg: 20m (11 years old)

Pp: 30m (40 years old)

Diameter at chest level (DCL – 1,3m) of plantation trees (average/maximum)

Eg: 15cm/25cm

Pp: 20cm/50cm

Eg: 15cm/25cm

Pp: 20cm/50cm

Natural density of herbaceous plants

30% of woodland area

30% of woodland area

Natural density of bush and shrubbery

30% of woodland area

30% of woodland area

Natural density of arboreal plants (not part of plantation)

5% of woodland area

5% of woodland area

This work was supported by the Safety, Exploration and Maintenance of Forests with Ecological Robotics (SEMFIRE, ref. CENTRO-01-0247-FEDER-03269) research project co-funded by the "Agência Nacional de Inovação" within the Portugal 2020 programme.
Files (23.9 GB)
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2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra_images.zip
md5:4c2ed13207b7f633a0eb8f3c52af5163
267.7 MB Download
2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra_rosbag_info.txt
md5:59a30adf5bfb4fc360f042a3b065e13a
6.2 kB Download
2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra_rosbag_topic_description.md
md5:ee141414197b37777d0a2772094cb6a5
1.5 kB Download
2019_2020_quinta_do_bolao_coimbra_rosbags.tar.gz
md5:9bf148730cf054d73c66ca94e2c2db1b
8.0 GB Download
2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra_images.zip
md5:616058274579fee4fa5e4abe0f9c1d31
219.2 MB Download
2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra_rosbag_info.txt
md5:9da4e35759ef5cd357262eb7257be6b1
12.3 kB Download
2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra_rosbag_topic_description.md
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2020_ctcv_parking_lot_coimbra_rosbags.tar.gz
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10.7 GB Download
2020_sete_fontes_forest_images.zip
md5:40ae51349ada998a412b59ced88c0021
517.8 MB Download
2020_sete_fontes_forest_rosbag_info.txt
md5:3f2a23fe5293d17ffb2391eabd6bc8f4
9.3 kB Download
2020_sete_fontes_forest_rosbag_topic_description.md
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2020_sete_fontes_forest_rosbags.tar.gz
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4.2 GB Download
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