Journal article Open Access
Kulak, Thibaut; Girgin, Hakan; Odobez, Jean-Marc; Calinon, Sylvain
Learning from Demonstration permits non-expert users to easily and intuitively reprogram robots. Among approaches embracing this paradigm, probabilistic movement primitives (ProMPs) are a well-established and widely used method to learn trajectory distributions. However, providing or requesting useful demonstrations is not easy, as quantifying what constitutes a good demonstration in terms of generalization capabilities is not trivial. In this letter, we propose an active learning method for contextual ProMPs for addressing this problem. More specifically, we learn the trajectory distributions using a Bayesian Gaussian mixture model (BGMM) and then leverage the notion of epistemic uncertainties to iteratively choose new context query points for demonstrations. We show that this approach reduces the required number of human demonstrations. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach on a pouring task, both in simulation and on a real 7-DoF Franka Emika robot.