Journal article Open Access
Manas Ranjan Padhi; Chitta Ranjan Routray
Semisolid metal (SSM) casting or thixoforming is a technique used to produce near net-shaped products. The process is used with non-ferrous metals, such as aluminium, copper and magnesium. Furthermore, it has advantage over conventional casting due to suppression of dendrite growth. In the present work, the semisolid casting of A319 aluminium alloy has been carried out by using an inclined plate with different melt pouring temperatures (620, 625, 630 and 635 °C). A319 alloy melt undergoes partial solidification when it flows down on an inclined plate. It results in continuous formation of columnar dendrites on plate wall. Due to forced convection, these dendrites are sheared off into equiaxed or fragmented grains and then washed away continuously to produce semisolid slurry at plate exit. The prepared castings were checked for their mechanical properties like tensile, hardness and impact strength. The results obtained were compared with that of alloy prepared from conventional sand casting. It was found that there is an enhancement in mechanical properties due to shearing off columnar dendrites.