Journal article Closed Access

A scolopocryptopid centipede (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha) from Mexican amber: synchrotron microtomography and phylogenetic placement using a combined morphological and molecular data set

Edgecombe, Gregory D.; Vahtera, Varpu; Stock, Stuart R.; Kallonen, Aki; Xiao, Xianghui; Rack, Alexander; Giribet, Gonzalo

Edgecombe, Gregory D., Vahtera, Varpu, Stock, Stuart R., Kallonen, Aki, Xiao, Xianghui, Rack, Alexander, Giribet, Gonzalo (2012): A scolopocryptopid centipede (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha) from Mexican amber: synchrotron microtomography and phylogenetic placement using a combined morphological and molecular data set. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166 (4): 768-786, DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00860.x, URL:
Closed Access

Files are not publicly accessible.

  • Attems CG. 1930. Myriapoda 2. Scolopendromorpha. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  • Bonato L, Edgecombe GD, Lewis JGE, Minelli A, Pereira LA, Shelley RM, Zapparoli M. 2010. A common terminology for the external anatomy of centipedes (Chilopoda). ZooKeys 69: 17-51.

  • Castresana J. 2000. Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17: 540-552.

  • Chagas Junior A. 2003a. The Neotropical taxa of the genus Dinocryptops Crabill, 1953 (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha). Zootaxa 237: 1-11.

  • Chagas Junior A. 2003b. A review of the status of Scolopocryptops ferrugineus guacharensis (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha: Scolopocryptopidae) from Venezuela. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 33: 65-67.

  • Chagas Junior A. 2004. A new Scolopocryptopid centipede from northeastern Brazil (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 39: 81-83.

  • Chagas Junior A. 2008. Revisao sistematica e analise filogenetica dos Scolopocryptopinae (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha). PhD thesis, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.

  • Chagas Junior A. 2010. On Scolopocryptops species from the Fiji Islands (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha, Scolopocryptopidae). International Journal of Myriapodology 3: 159- 168.

  • Coates AG, Obando JA. 1996. The geologic evolution of the Central American Isthmus. In: Jackson JBC, Budd AF, Coates AG, eds. Evolution and environment in tropical America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 21-56.

  • Colgan DJ, McLauchlan A, Wilson GDF, Livingston SP, Edgecombe GD, Macaranas J, Cassis G, Gray MR. 1998. Histone H3 and U2 snRNA DNA sequences and arthropod molecular evolution. Australian Journal of Zoology 46: 419- 437.

  • Crabill RE Jr. 1953. Concerning a new genus, Dinocryptops, and the nomenclatorial status of Otocryptops and Scolopocryptops (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha: Cryptopidae). Entomological News 64: 96.

  • De Carlo F, Xiao X, Tieman B. 2006. X-ray tomography system, automation and remote access at beamline 2-BM of the Advanced Photon Source. In: Bonse U, ed. Developments in X-ray tomography V. 6318, 63180K-1-13. Bellingham, WA: SPIE.

  • Demange J-M. 1963. La Reserve naturelle integrale du Mont Nimba. III. Chilopoda. Memoires de l'Institut Francais d'Afrique Noire 66: 41-118.

  • Demange J-M. 1968. Myriapodes Chilopodes du Gabon. Biologia Gabonica 4: 281-294.

  • Di ZY, Cao ZJ, Wu YL, Yin SJ, Edgecombe GD, Li WX. 2010. Discovery of the centipede family Plutoniumidae (Chilopoda) in Asia: a new species of Theatops from China, and the taxonomic value of spiracle distributions in Scolopendromorpha. Zootaxa 2667: 51-63.

  • Dowd BA, Campbell GH, Marr RB, Nagarkar V, Tipnis S, Axe L, Siddon DP. 1999. Developments in synchrotron x-ray computed microtomography at the National Synchrotron Light Source. In: Bonse U, ed. Developments in X-ray tomography II. SPIE Proc Vol 3772. Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 224-236.

  • Edgar RC. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research 32: 1792-1797.

  • Edgecombe G. 2011. Chilopoda - fossil history. In: Minelli A, ed. Treatise on zoology - anatomy, taxonomy, biology - the Myriapoda, Vol. 1. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 355-361.

  • Edgecombe GD, Giribet G. 2004. Adding mitochondrial sequence data (16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) to the phylogeny of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda): an analysis of morphology and four molecular loci. Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 42: 89-134.

  • Edgecombe GD, Koch M. 2008. Phylogeny of scolopendromorph centipedes (Chilopoda): Morphological analysis featuring characters from the peristomatic area. Cladistics 24: 872-901.

  • Farris JS, Albert VA, Kallersjo M, Lipscomb D, Kluge AG. 1996. Parsimony jackknifing outperforms neighborjoining. Cladistics 12: 99-124.

  • Giribet G. 2007. Efficient tree searches with available algorithms. Evolutionary Bioinformatics 3: 1-16.

  • Giribet G, Sharma PP, Benavides LR, Boyer SL, Clouse RM, de Bivort BL, Dimitrov D, Kawauchi GY, Murienne JY, Schwendinger PJ. 2012. Evolutionary and biogeographical history of an ancient and global group of arachnids (Arachnida: Opiliones: Cyphophthalmi) with a new taxonomic arrangement. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105: 92-130.

  • Goloboff PA. 1993. Estimating character weights during tree search. Cladistics 9: 83-91.

  • Goloboff PA, Farris JS, Kallersjo M, Oxelman B, Ramirez MJ, Szumik CA. 2003. Improvements to resampling measures of group support. Cladistics 19: 324-332.

  • Goloboff PA, Farris JS, Nixon KC. 2008. TNT, a free program for phylogenetic analysis. Cladistics 24: 774-786.

  • Koch M, Edgecombe GD, Shelley RM. 2010. Anatomy of Ectonocryptoides (Scolopocryptopidae: Ectonocryptopinae) and the phylogeny of blind Scolopendromorpha (Chilopoda). International Journal of Myriapodology 3: 51-81.

  • Koch M, Parschke S, Edgecombe GD. 2009. Phylogenetic implications of gizzard morphology in scolopendromorph centipedes (Chilopoda). Zoologica Scripta 38: 269-288.

  • Kocher TD, Thomas WK, Meyer A, Edwards SV, Paabo S, Villablanca FX, Wilson AC. 1989. Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 86: 6196-6200.

  • Minelli A, Bonato L, Dioguardi R, Chagas-Junior A, Edgecombe GD, Lewis JGE, Perira LA, Shelley RM, Stoev P, Uliana M, Zapparoli M. 2006 onwards. Chilobase: a web resource for Chilopoda taxonomy. Available at Accessed 19 July 2012.

  • Murienne J, Edgecombe GD, Giribet G. 2010. Including secondary structure, fossils and molecular dating in the centipede tree of life. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 301-313.

  • Paganin D, Mayo SC, Gureyev TE, Miller PR, Wilkins SW. 2002. Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object. Journal of Microscopy 206: 33-40.

  • Penney D. 2010. Dominican amber. In: Penney D, ed. Biodiversity of fossils in amber from the major world deposits. Manchester: Siri Scientific Press, 22-41.

  • Perrilliat MCP, Vega FJ, Coutino MA. 2010. Miocene mollusks from the Simojovel area in Chiapas, southwestern Mexico. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 30: 111- 119.

  • Pocock RI. 1895-1910. Chilopoda and Diplopoda. In: Godman FD, Salvin O, eds. Biologia centrali-Americana. London: Taylor & Francis, 217 pp.

  • Poinar G Jr, Poinar R. 1999. The amber forest. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

  • Rambaut AE. 1996. Se-Al sequence alignment editor. University of Oxford, Oxford. Available at: uk/software/Se-Al

  • Schileyko A, Minelli A. 1998. On the genus Newportia Gervais, 1847 (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha: Newportiidae). Arthropoda Selecta 7: 265-299.

  • Shelley RM. 2002. A synopsis of the North American centipedes of the Scolopendromorpha (Chilopoda). Memoirs of the Virginia Museum of Natural History 5: 1-108.

  • Shelley RM, Mercurio R. 2005. Ectonocryptoides quadrimeropus, a new centipede genus and species from Jalisco, Mexico; proposal of Ectonocryptopinae, analysis of subfamilial relationships, and a key to subfamilies and genera of the Scolopocryptopidae (Scolopendromorpha). Zootaxa 1094: 25-40.

  • Solorzano Kraemer MM. 2007. Systematics, palaeoecology, and palaeobiogeography of the insect fauna from the Mexican amber. Palaeontographica A 282: 1-133.

  • Solorzano Kraemer MM. 2010. Mexican Amber. In: Penney D, ed. Biodiversity of fossils in amber from the major world deposits. Manchester: Siri Scientific Press, 42-56.

  • Stock SR. 2008. Microcomputed tomography: methodology and applications. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

  • Vahtera V, Edgecombe GD, Giribet G. 2012. Evolution of blindness in scolopendromorph centipedes (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha): insight from an expanded sampling of molecular data. Cladistics 28: 4-20.

  • Varon A, Vinh LS, Wheeler WC. 2010. POY version 4: phylogenetic analysis using dynamic homologies. Cladistics 26: 72-85.

  • Vega FJ, Nyborg T, Coutino MA, Sole J, Hernandez- Monzon O. 2009. Neogene Crustacea from southeastern Mexico. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum 35: 51-69.

  • Weitkamp T, Haas D, Wegrzynek D, Rack A. 2011. ANKAphase: software for single-distance phase retrieval from inline X-ray phase-contrast radiographs. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 18: 617-629.

  • Wheeler WC. 1995. Sequence alignment, parameter sensitivity, and the phylogenetic analysis of molecular data. Systematic Biology 44: 321-331.

  • Wheeler WC. 1996. Optimization alignment: the end of multiple sequence alignment in phylogenetics? Cladistics 12: 1-9.

  • Wiens JJ, Kuczynski CA, Townsend T, Reeder TW, Mulcahy DG, Sites JW. 2010. Combining phylogenomics and fossils in higher-level squamate reptile phylogeny: molecular data change the placement of fossil taxa. Systematic Biology 59: 674-688.

  • Xiao X, De Carlo F, Stock S. 2007. Practical error estimation in zoom-in and truncated tomography reconstructions. Review of Scientific Instruments 78: 063705.

Views 14
Downloads 0
Data volume 0 Bytes
Unique views 14
Unique downloads 0


Cite as