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Dataset Open Access

SMAP-HydroBlocks: Hyper-resolution satellite-based soil moisture over the continental United States

Noemi Vergopolan; Nathaniel W. Chaney; Ming Pan; Justin Sheffield; Hylke E. Beck; Craig R. Ferguson; Laura Torres-Rojas; Eric F. Wood

SMAP-HydroBlocks (SMAP-HB) is a hyper-resolution satellite-based surface soil moisture product that combines NASA's Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) L3 Enhance product, hyper-resolution land surface modeling, radiative transfer modeling, machine learning, and in-situ observations. The dataset was developed over the continental United States at 30-m 6-hourly resolution (2015–2019), and it reports the top 5-cm surface soil moisture in volumetric units (m3/m3).

This repository contains the following two versions of the SMAP-HydroBlocks dataset:

  1. SMAP-HB_hru_6h.zip: SMAP-HydroBlocks data in the Hydrological Response Unit (HRU) space. Storing the data in the HRU space enables the entire 30-m 6-h dataset to be compressed to 33.8 GB. A python script and instructions to post-process and remap the data from the HRU-space into geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude) is provided at GitHub. After post-processed, files are stored in netCDF4 format with a Plate Carrée projection.
  2. SMAP-HB_1km_6h.zip: SMAP-HydroBlocks data at 1-km 6-h resolution. This aggregated version is already post-processed, and thus it is already in geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude), stored in netCDF4 format, with a Plate Carrée projection, and comprising 31.5 GB of data. 

Different subsets of the original dataset can be made available on request from Noemi Vergopolan (noemi.v.rocha@gmail.com). Data visualization, updates, and more information is available at https://waterai.earth/smaphb/ 


Please cite the following paper when using the dataset in any publication:

Vergopolan, N., Chaney, N. W., Beck, H. E., Pan, M., Sheffield, J., Chan, S., & Wood, E. F. (2020). Combining hyper-resolution land surface modeling with SMAP brightness temperatures to obtain 30-m soil moisture estimates. Remote Sensing of Environment, 242, 111740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2020.111740

Vergopolan, N., Chaney, N.W., Pan, M. et al. SMAP-HydroBlocks, a 30-m satellite-based soil moisture dataset for the conterminous US. Sci Data 8264 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-01050-2


To download all the files via command line, please try zenodo_get:

pip install zenodo-get
zenodo_get 5206725
Files (65.3 GB)
Name Size
31.5 GB Download
33.8 GB Download
All versions This version
Views 1,8891,505
Downloads 2,0281,686
Data volume 54.7 TB54.5 TB
Unique views 1,5981,310
Unique downloads 674544


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