Poster Open Access

H-alpha and Ca II Infrared Triplet Variations During a Transit of the 23 Myr Planet V1298 Tau c

Feinstein, Adina; Montet, Benjamin; Johnson, Marshall; Bean, Jacob; David, Trevor; Gully-Santiago, Michael; Livingston, John; Luger, Rodrigo

Young transiting exoplanets (<100 Myr) provide crucial insight into atmospheric evolution via photoevaporation. However, transmission spectroscopy measurements to determine atmospheric composition and mass loss are challenging due to the activity and prominent stellar surface inhomogeneities present on young stars. We observed a full transit of V1298 Tau c, a 23 Myr, 5.59 \(R_p/R_\oplus\) planet orbiting a young solar analogue with GRACES on Gemini-North. We measured the Doppler tomographic signal of V1298 Tau c and find a projected obliquity of \(\lambda = 5^\circ \pm 15^\circ\), indicating it is well-aligned. The tomographic signal is only seen in the chromospherically driven core of the Ca II Infrared Triplet (IRT), which may be the result of star-planet interactions.  Additionally, we find that excess absorption of H\(\alpha\) decreases smoothly during the transit. While this could be a tentative detection an extended hydrogen atmosphere, we find this variation can be explained by the presence of starspots with surrounding facular regions. More observations both in- and out-of the transits of V1298 Tau c are required to determine the nature of the Ca II IRT and H\(\alpha\) line variations.

 

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