Software Open Access
Wide field small aperture telescopes (WFSATs) are mainly used to obtain scientific information of point--like and streak--like celestial objects. However, qualities of images obtained by WFSATs are seriously affected by background noise and variable point spread functions. Developing high speed and high efficiency data processing method is of great importance for further scientific research. In recent years, deep neural networks have been proposed for detection and classification of celestial objects and have shown better performance than classical methods. In this paper, we further extend abilities of the deep neural network based astronomical target detection framework to make it suitable for photometry and astrometry. We add new branches into the deep neural network to obtain types, magnitudes and positions of different celestial objects at the same time. Tested with simulated data, we find that our neural network has slightly better performance in photometry than classical methods. Because photometry and astrometry belong to regression algorithms, which would obtain high accuracy measurements instead of rough classification results, the accuracy of photometry and astrometry results would be affected by different observation conditions. To solve this problem, we further propose to use reference stars to train our deep neural network with transfer learning strategy when observation conditions change. The photometry framework proposed in this paper could be used as an end--to--end quick data processing framework for WFSATs , which can further increase response speed of WFSATs.