Dataset Open Access

Gridded population maps of Germany from disaggregated census data and bottom-up estimates

Schug, Franz; Frantz, David; van der Linden, Sebastian; Hostert, Patrick

This dataset features three gridded population dadasets of Germany on a 10m grid. The units are people per grid cell.


DE_POP_VOLADJ16: This dataset was produced by disaggregating national census counts to 10m grid cells based on a weighted dasymetric mapping approach. A building density, building height and building type dataset were used as underlying covariates, with an adjusted volume for multi-family residential buildings.

DE_POP_TDBP: This dataset is considered a best product, based on a dasymetric mapping approach that disaggregated municipal census counts to 10m grid cells using the same three underyling covariate layers.

DE_POP_BU: This dataset is based on a bottom-up gridded population estimate. A building density, building height and building type layer were used to compute a living floor area dataset in a 10m grid. Using federal statistics on the average living floor are per capita, this bottom-up estimate was created.

Please refer to the related publication for details.

Temporal extent

The building density layer is based on Sentinel-2 time series data from 2018 and Sentinel-1 time series data from 2017 (doi:

The building height layer is representative for ca. 2015 (doi: 10.5281/zenodo.4066295)

The building types layer is based on Sentinel-2 time series data from 2018 and Sentinel-1 time series data from 2017 (doi: 10.5281/zenodo.4601219)

The underlying census data is from 2018.

Data format

The data come in tiles of 30x30km (see shapefile). The projection is EPSG:3035. The images are compressed GeoTiff files (*.tif). There is a mosaic in GDAL Virtual format (*.vrt), which can readily be opened in most Geographic Information Systems.

Further information

For further information, please see the publication or contact Franz Schug (
A web-visualization of this dataset is available here.


Schug, F., Frantz, D., van der Linden, S., & Hostert, P. (2021). Gridded population mapping for Germany based on building density, height and type from Earth Observation data using census disaggregation and bottom-up estimates. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249044


Census data were provided by the German Federal Statistical Offices.

This dataset was produced with funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (MAT_STOCKS, grant agreement No 741950).

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