Poster Open Access

A comprehensive view of young stars with Chandra/HETG

Pradhan, Pragati; David Huenemoerder; Hans Moritz Guenther; Rihn Hong

Abstract

We present results from the archival analysis of all high resolution spectra of cool stars observed with Chandra/HETG. Thanks to the spectral resolution of HETG, we can study the individual emission lines from these stars and now have hundreds of observations to make a comprehensive study between the Classical T Tauri (CTTS) versus the Main Sequence (MS) stars possible. These emission lines reveal the physical conditions of the outer layers, which are expected to be different between active coronae and accreting young stars. Our preliminary results show that (i) in the R versus G plot, the prototypical CTTS TW Hydrae exhibit smaller density for longer wavelength lines (like Ne and O). (ii) We also perform temperature diagnostics by plotting the soft excess (i.e., H/He lines of Si, Mg, Ne and O) versus their respective line luminosities. We find a positive correlation between these two quantities.

Interestingly, we also find that irrespective of whether the stars have undergone flaring during the Chandra observation or not, the trend remains the same. (iii) Finally, we report that the CTTS TW Hydrae can be distinguished as separate in the Ne X/ Ne IX versus the O VIII/O VII plot when compared against other MS stars. We discuss our findings in the light of the influence of accretion on these line formations.

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