Journal article Open Access

Partial Discharges in Electrical Machines for the More Electrical Aircraft. Part III: Preventing Partial Discharges

Luca Lusuardi; Alberto Rumi; Andrea Cavallini; Davide Barater; Stefano Nuzzo; Marco Pastura

In this paper, the results obtained from lab tests on twisted pairs subjected to different voltage waveforms and atmospheric conditions are used to propose how to modify the IEC Std. 60034-18-41. The goal is to make the standard suitable for the More Electrical Aircraft (MEA). The results show that it is initially necessary to screen out materials through simple tests. The enhancement factors for temperature can be modified to consider reduced pressures and temperatures using a simple model. The aging enhancement factor can be reduced considering the reduced sensitivity of the partial discharge inception voltage (PDIV) at low pressures on the enamel thickness. Eventually, reference will be made to the drive discussed in Part I of this series to draw conclusions about the likelihood of partial discharge inception in a random wound stator and how to reduce it by modifying either the inverter or the stator insulation. Reference to a random wound motor is made throughout the paper.

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