Other Open Access
Automation and Autonomy in Air Defence Systems Catalogue (v.1)
Dr Tom Watts, Department of Politics and International Relations, Hertfordshire University & Dr Ingvild Bode, Centre for War Studies, University of Southern Denmark.
This catalogue has been created in conjunction with the ‘Meaning-Less Human Control: Lessons from Air Defence Systems on Meaningful Human Control for the debate on AWS’ report published in February 2020 as a collaboration between Drone Wars UK and the University of Southern Denmark. It provides information on the system history, maximum system range, target type, system updates/variants and automated/autonomous features of twenty-eight air defence systems which have been operated by at least sixty states.
This catalogue has been constructed using a range of open-source material. This includes: (1) press releases and marketing material from weapons manufacturers; (2) press releases and factsheets published by defence ministries; (3) technical and policy reports authored by researchers based at think tanks; (4) Media reports from reputable international news and defence outlets; and (5) other air defence system databases. All references are provided as URLs and were accessible online as of January 2nd 2021. Please note: when information about a system has been unavailable, we have listed it as NDA (No Data Available).
In constructing this open-source catalogue, we have faced three methodological challenges worth briefly highlighting here:
A more detailed explanation of our case selection, catalogue index and research approach and limitations can be found in Section 3 of the accompanying report.
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Research for this data catalogue was supported by grants from the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and from the European Research Council.