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BEHAVIORAL COUNSELLING TO PROMOTE A HEALTHFUL DIET AND FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE PREVENTION IN ADULTS

Dr Arooj Fatima, Dr Nazneen Bashir, Dr Abdullah Mumtaz

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease, primarily in the forms of heart disease and stroke, is a leading cause of death in the United States. Obesity is associated with increased CVD mortality. Adults who adhere to national guidelines for a healthful diet and physical activity have lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than those who do not. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to analyze the behavioral counselling to promote a healthful diet and for cardiovascular disease prevention in adults.

Material and methods: This analytical study was conducted in Health Department Punjab during June 2019 to January 2020. In this study we selected the 100 patients who was suffering from CVD. Both genders were selected for this purpose. The data was collected through a questionnaire in which we find the Sociodemographic status of patients as well as behaviour towards healthful diet for the prevention of CVD.

Results: The demographic values shows that there is a direct relationship of background of the patient and CVD. Mostly smokers are suffered from kidney and heart problems and their BP become also high. Tobacco use continues to be one of the most important risk factors for CVD. Helping patients with tobacco cessation is a critical component of CVD prevention. The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use and provide tobacco cessation interventions to those who use such products.

Conclusion: It is concluded that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of CVD in this population.

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