Journal article Open Access
Dr. Qurat ul Ain, Dr. Hamna Arif, Dr. Ambar Shamrez
Objective: The aim of our study was to define the efficiency of chlorhexidine 4 % versus dry cord care and to compare the extraction time of umbilical cord.
Study Design: A randomized controlled study.
Place and Duration: This study was conducted at Department of Pediatrics Sir Ganga Ram hospital Lahore for the duration of one year starting from November, 2019 to October, 2020.
Methodology: In our present study we included 200 newborns. With the use of lottery method, we divide newborns into two groups; group A consist of 100 newborns and were suggested to apply chlorhexidine 4% on umbilical cord, once a day for a week and group B consist of 100 newborns and they were advised to apply conventional dry cord care. These were called for visit after 1 week and later contacted telephonically until the separation of umbilical cord. We again called newborns (with any signs of infection or delayed healing) for follow up examination. SPSS v. 20 were use for the analysis of data.
Results: According to the results of our study the mean healing and duration of separation of umbilical cord in group A was 8.35±3.73 days and in group B was 6.98±2.59 days respectively. The difference in healing and duration of separation of umbilical cord in group A and group B were statistically significant (p= 0.003). Infection sign observe in group A were 5% and in group B were 4% respectively. Therefore, statistically insignificant was 0.73 (p=0.73).
Conclusion: At the end of our study, we conclude that conventional dry method or umbilical cord care with 4% chlorhexidine has same results. But healing time in terms of mean duration of separation of umbilical cord is extended with the application of 4% chlorhexidine to the cord stump.
Key Words: Dry cord care, Umbilical Cord Care, Newborn, Chlorhexidine 4%
303.SH.Amendment - Gynae- Qurat ul Ain, Hamna, Amber.pdf