Dataset Open Access

Covalent Triazine Frameworks Incorporating Charged Polypyrrole Channels for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

Elabd, Ahmed; Coskun Ali

Organosulfur polymers have emerged as promising electrode materials for lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries, mainly because of their ability to incorporate and stabilize high sulfur content. The low ionic and electronic conductivity of these polymers, however, limit their cycling performance at high active mass loadings. Moreover, Li–polysulfide (Li–PS) shuttling, a fatal phenomenon in the cyclability of Li–S batteries, can be mitigated via the entrapment of Li–PS by utilizing various supramolecular interactions. Herein, we report a new approach that incorporates one-dimensional charged polypyrrole into a two-dimensional covalent triazine framework (cPpy-S-CTF) synthesized in the presence of elemental sulfur. The cPpy-S-CTF enabled sulfur loadings up to 83 wt %, thanks to the perfluoroaryl-elemental sulfur SNAr chemistry. Notably, the addition of charged polypyrrole, cPpy, triggered a 3D nanochannel formation in the cPpy-S-CTF with high-affinity anchoring sites toward Li–PS, while achieving decent ionic and electronic conductivity. The cPpy-S-CTF showed a remarkable electrochemical performance with a specific capacity of 1203.4 mA h g–1 at 0.05 C, an initial Coulombic efficiency of 94.1%, and a capacity retention of 86.8% after 500 cycles. These results point to the fact that the incorporation of charged conducting polymers could be a universal strategy to boost the electrochemical performance of organosulfur polymers in Li–S batteries.

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