Dataset Open Access

Increased uptake of silica nanoparticles in inflamed macrophages but not upon co-exposure to micron-sized particles

Eva Susnik; Patricia Taladriz-Blanco; Barbara Drasler; Sandor Balog; Alke Petri-Fink; Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser

Research group(s)
Patricia Taladriz-Blanco; Barbara Drasler; Sandor Balog
Alke Petri-Fink; Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser

Silica nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used in various industrial and biomedical applications. Little is known about the cellular uptake of co-exposed silica particles, as can be expected in our daily life. In addition, an inflamed microenvironment might affect a NP’s uptake and a cell’s physiological response. Herein, prestimulated mouse J774A.1 macrophages with bacterial lipopolysaccharide were post-exposed to micron- and nanosized silica particles, either alone or together, i.e., simultaneously or sequentially, for different time points. The results indicated a morphological change and increased expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha in lipopolysaccharide prestimulated cells, suggesting a M1-polarization phenotype. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed the intracellular accumulation and uptake of both particle types for all exposure conditions. A flow cytometry analysis showed an increased particle uptake in lipopolysaccharide prestimulated macrophages. However, no differences were observed in particle uptakes between single- and co-exposure conditions. We did not observe any colocalization between the two silica (SiO2) particles. However, there was a positive colocalization between lysosomes and nanosized silica but only a few colocalized events with micro-sized silica particles. This suggests differential intracellular localizations of silica particles in macrophages and a possible activation of distinct endocytic pathways. The results demonstrate that the cellular uptake of NPs is modulated in inflamed macrophages but not in the presence of micron-sized particles.

Files (3.5 GB)
Name Size
9.0 MB Download
2.1 GB Download
1.4 GB Download
All versions This version
Views 3434
Downloads 55
Data volume 7.7 GB7.7 GB
Unique views 2727
Unique downloads 33


Cite as